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Sunday, March 8, 2020

How to of the Day

How to of the Day


How to Season a Griddle

Posted: 08 Mar 2020 05:00 PM PDT

When you purchase a new griddle, you definitely want to take care of it to make it lasts a lifetime. Seasoning your griddle is an easy way to create a non-stick coat and add flavor to every dish you cook. Seasoning with oil will also prevent rust from forming on a griddle. If you already have a rusted griddle plate, make sure to remove the rust completely, and then season it to prevent it from happening again in the future.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Using Cooking Oil to Season a Griddle

  1. Clean a brand new griddle with soap and water. If you just bought a brand new griddle, it's important to wash it with soap and water before seasoning. To do this, fill a small bucket of water and pour in some mild dish soap. Mix it together and slowly pour a small amount over your grill. Scrub the soapy mixture on the grill with a sponge, and then rinse it off with a bundle of paper towels.[1]
    Season a Griddle Step 1 Version 2.jpg
    • Do not use soap on a used or older griddle. It may damage the surface.
  2. Remove any leftover food or debris from an older griddle. If you want to season a griddle that has already been used, make sure the surface is clean and clear of any food or debris. Use a metal spatula or scraper to remove any stuck on mess. Then wipe away any debris from the surface.[2]
    Season a Griddle Step 2 Version 2.jpg
    • Scrape off food while the griddle is still hot. This will make it easier to remove than if the griddle is cold.
    • Use table salt and hot water for extra tough food that's hard to remove. To do this, pour of salt on a warm griddle, scrub it with a towel, then remove the salt and rinse with water.
  3. Heat the griddle on high for 10-15 minutes. Now that your griddle is clean, turn it on all the way up to the highest setting, and let it heat up for about 10-15 minutes. If this is a new griddle, wait for the surface to blacken. This will allow the oil to burn on the surface.[3]
    Season a Griddle Step 3 Version 2.jpg
  4. Pour cooking oil on the griddle and spread it with a paper towel. To season a griddle, you'll need to add oil to it. Use of oil per of griddle. Cooking oils that are rich in fatty acids are best because they will bond to the griddle plate. Once your spread a good amount of oil on the griddle, use multiple layers of dry paper towel to spread it evenly on the surface.[4]
    Season a Griddle Step 4 Version 2.jpg
    • The best oils for seasoning are olive oil, sesame oil, canola oil, vegetable oil, coconut oil, and flax oil.
    • Be careful not to burn your fingers. You can use tongs or heat resistant gloves to hold the paper towel if you're worried about the heat.
    • Be sure to spread the oil around the edges and corners.
  5. Let the oil sit on the heated griddle for about 20 minutes. Let the oil sit for at least 20-30 minutes, or until it burns off the griddle top. During this time, you'll notice smoke coming off of the surface. Once the grill stops smoking, the oil is finished burning and you can turn off the griddle and let it cool.[5]
    Season a Griddle Step 5 Version 2.jpg
  6. Repeat the process of adding and spreading oil at least 2 times. It takes more than just one coating of oil to properly season a griddle. To ensure that the griddle has a good nonstick plate and is fully coated, heat up the griddle again and add more oil. Repeat the previous step to add oil and spread it with a paper towel.[6]
    Season a Griddle Step 6 Version 2.jpg
    • Do this 2 or 3 more times, or until the griddle surface is permanently dark brown.

[Edit]Restoring a Rusted Griddle

  1. Turn the griddle on to high heat and let it sit for 20 minutes. Before attempting to remove rust from your griddle, turn the heat on high. This heat will loosen up any stuck-on food or corrosion before you even begin scraping. This will make it easier to remove.[7]
    Season a Griddle Step 7 Version 2.jpg
  2. Use a metal scraper or spatula to remove debris on the surface. Before removing the rust, make sure the griddle plate is completely free of any leftover food. If it is stuck on the surface, scrape it off with a metal scraper. You can also use a metal spatula if you don't have a grill scraper.[8]
    Season a Griddle Step 8 Version 2.jpg
  3. Let the griddle cool down and begin scraping off the rust. Turn off the heat on the griddle, and then use your scraper to begin taking off that rust. You'll need to use a lot of force to do this, as rust is not easy to remove. Scrape as much off as you can before moving on to the next step.
    Season a Griddle Step 9 Version 2.jpg
    • Do not use any water with the scraper during this step. Water and moisture is the main cause of rust, so you don't want to make the condition worse.
  4. Pour 4-5 tablespoons of cooking oil on the griddle and use a grill stone to scrub off the rust. Once you have scraped off as much of the rust as possible, pour some cooking oil on the griddle plate. Then, use a grill stone block to scrub all around the rusted surface. A grill stone can be found at most home improvement stores.[9]
    Season a Griddle Step 10 Version 2.jpg
    • If you don't have a grill stone, try using steel wool or sandpaper.
  5. Wipe the griddle with paper towels until the surface is dry. After you've scrubbed the rust with the grill stone, get a bundle of paper towels and wipe it until it is dry. This will further remove any rust on your griddle.
    Season a Griddle Step 11 Version 2.jpg
    • If there's still rust on your griddle, add more oil to the surface and then wipe again with more dry paper towels. Keep repeating this step until there is little to no residue after you wipe it with the paper towels.

[Edit]Tips

  • Avoid using dish detergent to clean your griddle after seasoning. It will strip any oils and ultimately undo your seasoning.
  • If you're not using your griddle on a regular basis, make sure to season it at least every 2 weeks to avoid rusting.

[Edit]Things You'll Need

  • Bucket of water
  • Mild dish soap
  • Cooking oil
  • Paper towels
  • Tongs or heat resistant gloves
  • Metal scraper
  • Grill stone cleaning block

[Edit]References

How to Think Algorithmically

Posted: 08 Mar 2020 09:00 AM PDT

An algorithm is a problem-solving method that uses logical reasoning to accomplish tasks as efficiently as possible. Although you might think only computers use algorithms, in reality, people solve problems algorithmically every day. If you'd like to improve your own algorithmic thinking, approach every problem like a logical task. Identify the problem clearly, and then input as many details about the problem as you can. Use the "if-then" approach to determine the best steps to solve the problem efficiently. Practice this way of thinking every day by using the algorithmic approach for all your daily tasks, drawing decision trees, and playing games to sharpen your logical reasoning.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Working out Problems Logically

  1. Identify and define the problem clearly to determine how to proceed. All algorithms start with a clear definition of the problem or task. Take a look at the task at hand and define the problem as clearly as you can. With this information, you can then design the sequence of steps to solve the problem in the most logical way.[1]
    Think Algorithmically Step 1.jpg
    • Once you identify a problem, put it into a simple sentence. For example, if your house is always messy, you could say, "I need to develop a system to organize my belongings better."
    • These problems don't have to be complicated. You can use the same logical reasoning to decide what you want to eat. The problem might be, "I can't decide what to order off the menu." This is a clear definition of a problem and task that must be solved.
    • Alternatively, you may just have a task rather than a problem. Your task may be, "I need to finish food shopping within 30 minutes." Use the same techniques to accomplish this task.
  2. Input up all the information you already know. An algorithm only works if you enter the correct inputs for the system to solve a problem. Treat your brain the same way. It can only solve problems if it has the correct information. Once you identify and state a problem, start designing your strategy to solve it. Observe the situation and learn more. Add up the additional information you gather and state the problem more clearly.[2]
    Think Algorithmically Step 2.jpg
    • For example, your problem might be, "My car is making a weird noise." This is a good start, but too broad for effective problem-solving. Input more information on where the sound comes from, what it sounds like, and when it appears. Work that down to, "My car makes a metallic rattling noise from the front end when I apply the brakes at over 30 mph."
    • This strategy also works with simple tasks. If you only have 30 minutes to complete your food shopping, start by inputting your shopping list and the store layout. Then use that information to plan the order you go down each aisle in.
  3. Break down all tasks into smaller chunks. Make each task as basic as possible. This makes the problem-solving process much more manageable. Don't worry about coming up with the correct order of events yet. At this point, just list all the minute things you have to accomplish to work the problem out.[3]
    Think Algorithmically Step 3.jpg
    • If you wanted to clean your home, for example, think about how you'd break the task down. You'd have to vacuum, scrub the bathroom floors, pick up dirty clothes, take out the trash, do the dishes, dust the cabinets, and wash the windows. These tasks aren't necessarily in order, but they're manageable tasks that you can break down further.
  4. Organize steps into the most logical order. Algorithms are all about solving tasks in the most efficient way possible. After you've defined your problem and broken down the necessary tasks, put those tasks in the most logical order. Think about each step that depends on a previous one, and order the tasks around this relationship.[4]
    Think Algorithmically Step 4.jpg
    • Sticking with the home-cleaning example, think about the most logical order for your tasks. Logically, you can't vacuum the floor until you pick up the clothes, so pick up the clothes first. Similarly, you can't wash the windows if the floor is wet from mopping, so clean the windows before you mop the floor.
  5. Anticipate variables by using the "if-then" approach. Not all problems have a simple sequence of events. In many problems or tasks, there are multiple paths that can change based on the inputs. This is where the "if-then" approach comes in, and it's a key part of algorithms. Think about the different variables you might encounter when solving this problem. Then consider what you would do if you encountered each variable. With this approach, you can work your way through a problem like a logical system.[5]
    Think Algorithmically Step 5.jpg
    • If your problem is a strange noise in your car, this approach can help you locate it. Your sequence could be: "If the sound is a screech coming from the tires, then I will check the brakes. If the sound is a metal knocking, then I will check the engine."
    • This approach is basically how an algorithm works, and can get very detailed. Add as many inputs as you need to determine all the variables that can occur.
  6. Design your steps around the variables you might encounter. After breaking down the steps and anticipating variables, then come up with a design on how to solve the problem. Think about this process like a flow chart. Map out your sequence of actions and which steps you'll take if you encounter certain variables.[6]
    Think Algorithmically Step 6.jpg
    • Sticking with the car example, think about how you'll locate the noise your car is making. Then, when you've found the source, plan the following steps on how you'll fix the problem.
    • The following is a logical sequence of events based on the variables you'd encounter while fixing a car: If the sound is coming from the tires, I'll check the brakes. If the brakes are new, I'll check my bearings. If the bearings are bad, I'll replace them. If I can't find the source of the noise, I'll take the car to the mechanic.
    • If you were designing a computer algorithm, it would need very accurate steps and inputs planned down to the last detail. Since the human mind can handle more nuance than a computer, you can be a bit more general with your steps when you're solving a problem.[7]
  7. Plan a loop in your algorithm if you don't solve the problem at first. Designing an algorithm can be a trial-and-error process, and you may not get it right the first time. In this case, plan on going back to the start and working through the problem again. In computer programming, this is a loop. Think of it as a "back to the drawing board" approach to work through problems.[8]
    Think Algorithmically Step 7.jpg
    • Loops are important because they prevent you from going down a path that isn't working. If your initial solutions aren't solving the problem, then performing the same actions is counterproductive. Circling back and redesigning your approach has a much better chance of success.
    • A loop would be useful if you can't find the source of the noise in your car. You initially anticipated the problem may be the brakes or engine, but in your investigation, you find that it wasn't coming from either spot. In this case, loop back to the start. Drive the car around, apply the brakes, and use different speeds to try and find the source of the noise.
  8. Execute the actions based on the variables you encounter. With the planning stage done, begin solving your problem. Work through your flow chart and follow specific actions based on the variables you encounter. Follow the process until you locate the root of the problem and solve it.[9]
    Think Algorithmically Step 8.jpg
    • Here is an algorithmic way to fix your car: There is a strange noise coming from my car. If it's a screech, I'll check the tires. If it's a knock, I'll check the engine. The sound is a screech, so I'll check the brakes. I remove my brake pad and see that it's worn out. I install a new brake pad and the noise is gone. I've solved the problem.
    • Remember that your algorithm may encounter unexpected variables. You might be checking your brakes, only to find out there's also a hole in your tire. This is an entirely new problem that requires a new set of actions. Adjust your approach if you do hit unexpected variables.

[Edit]Practicing in Your Everyday Life

  1. Approach your daily tasks as they are algorithms. The world is full of more algorithms than you might realize, people just usually don't think about them in this way. Practice your algorithmic thinking by solving your daily tasks as if they're algorithms. Plan out logical steps and use the if-then approach to accomplish them. Over time, you'll get used to solving problems this way.[10]
    Think Algorithmically Step 9.jpg
    • A recipe, for example, is essentially an algorithm. It solves the problem of creating a meal using a logically-ordered list of steps.
    • Think about your commute to work. You might say, "If there is traffic on the highway, I'll take the side streets." This is another everyday algorithm many people use all the time.
  2. Plan your outfits using the if-then approach. Getting dressed is a great everyday example of an algorithm. Everyone makes a set of decisions based on the weather, workplace, day of the week, and personal style to choose their outfits. Visualize these steps as an algorithm to train your mind to think algorithmically.[11]
    Think Algorithmically Step 10.jpg
    • A simple algorithm for getting dressed is: "If it rains, I will wear a jacket. It is not raining. Therefore, I won't wear a jacket." This is a logical flow of steps.
    • Another good example is, "If we have a meeting today at work, I'll wear a tie. If we don't, I'll dress casually."
  3. Make a decision tree or flow chart to work problems out. Sometimes algorithms are difficult to visualize, especially when they get more complex. Create a visual plan for your decisions by making a decision tree or flow chart. At the top, put your problem or task. Then list the possible steps you can take to accomplish the task. Be as specific as you can. When you've done that, organize the steps into the most logical order to accomplish the task.[12]
    Think Algorithmically Step 11.jpg
    • A flow chart is helpful if you already know the general order of the steps. For brainstorming, use a decision tree.
    • For a flow chart on writing a class paper, write your main thesis at the top. Then jot down all the evidence you have to prove that thesis. Arrange the evidence in a logical order that supports the thesis best, and construct your paper in that order.
    • If you don't know where to start, draw a circle naming the task. Draw lines from the circle and write out steps for how you might solve the task. Then start eliminating steps that don't seem helpful. Finally, you'll be left with a list of steps that will help you.
  4. Play algorithm games to sharpen your skills. In addition to solving your daily tasks with algorithms, games can help you think algorithmically as well. There are many computer games and programs that are designed to improve logical thought. Search the internet or app stores to find logic games that can improve your thinking while entertaining you as well.[13]
    Think Algorithmically Step 12.jpg
    • A strategy board game like Risk is a good low-tech option that you can play with your friends. The game involves planning and responding to inputs and variables. Games like this are a fun way to train your algorithmic skills.
    • Chess is also a great board game for logical thinking.
    • Check for apps and mobile games as well. There are many logic games that can help improve your thinking skills.

[Edit]References

How to Celebrate International Women's Day

Posted: 08 Mar 2020 12:00 AM PST

International Women's Day falls on March 8 and is a symbol of the struggles that women around the world have undergone to gain equality and rights. It is also a reminder of how far there is still to go. There are some things that you can do to help celebrate this important day. Educate yourself by learning more about women and their struggles worldwide. Get politically involved by donating to a pro-women organization. Raise awareness of women's issues using social media. Be supportive to the women in your life. Let them know how much they mean to you.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Educating Yourself

  1. Learn the history of International Women's Day. International Women's Day celebrates the accomplishments of women, as well as recognizing their achievements and the struggles that they've gone through. It was a part of the labor movements that began in the early 1900s in America and Europe. Read up on the history of International Women's Day online to understand the purpose of the holiday.[1]
    Celebrate International Women's Day Step 1 Version 3.jpg
    • The first International Women's Day was celebrated in 1909 to honor the 1908 garment women's strike in New York. The women were protesting their horrific working conditions.
    • As time went on, International Women's Day continued to be a vehicle of protest. During World War I, for example, the day was used to protest the war.
    • In 1975, the holiday was recognized by the United Nations and continues to be celebrated today.
  2. Learn about the achievements of women around the world. Women are often routinely overlooked in history. Go online or stop by a local library to read up on the history of women whose historical contributions are left out of history.
    Learn Something New Every Day Step 7 Version 3.jpg
    • For example, look at Rosalind Franklin. Her study of DNA was critical to Francis Crick, James Watson, Maurice Wilkins, but was completely ignored by the Nobel Prize committee.[2]
    • There have been many female rulers throughout history who are not widely known. Look at Juana of Austria, who served as a capable regent between 1554-9, and who remained a key figure in the Spanish court.[3]
  3. Do some reading. In order to educate yourself about historical women, stop by a library or bookstore and purchase some books. Read up on women throughout the world and throughout history who have made a difference.[4]
    Prevent the Spread of Pinkeye Step 13.jpg
    • Read critical works of feminism and theory, such as The Second Sex by Simone de Beauvoir.
    • Read books about women throughout the world. Mona Eltahawy, for example, is a writer who writes about Middle Eastern women.
    • Check out Why I Call Myself a Feminist, edited by Victoria Pepe. This is a collection of essays by 25 women under 30 covering their feelings about women's issues and feminism.
  4. Watch informative films. There are many movies you can watch to educate yourself about women and women's history. Have a movie night with your friends and watch films about women, especially women from other countries or cultures.[5]
    Open a Restaurant Step 22.jpg
    • To learn about international issues, watch movies such as Syria's Rebellious Women.
    • To learn about women in the international work force, consider watching Who's counting? Marilyn Waring on Sex, Lies and Global Economics.
    • See if there are any film screenings or festivals in your area. This can be a great way to socialize with other women and educate yourself further.
  5. Go to local museums. Check out museums and art installations near you. Many museums may have special exhibits for International Women's Day that showcase work by women engineers, writers, artists, and more. If museums are not having special events, you can simply attend a museum in your area and look at exhibits focusing on women.[6]
    Arrange Artwork at Home Step 2.jpg

[Edit]Getting Politically Involved

  1. Take the day off, if possible. There is a nationwide protest in which women are encouraged to take the day off. This can highlight women's effect on the global economy. If you're able to do so, consider skipping work on that day to promote International Women's Day.[7]
    Celebrate International Women's Day Step 3 Version 3.jpg
    • If you can't take the day off, avoid making purchases on International Women's Day. This can also affect the economy.
  2. Donate to a local women's shelter. You can donate money, clothing, food, or your time. Helping out a local women's shelter helps to remind you about the difficulties women continue to face, as well as doing your part to help alleviate some of that.[8]
    Celebrate International Women's Day Step 4 Version 3.jpg
    • You could turn it into an event with your friends. Get everyone you know to help celebrate the day by helping out a local women's shelter.
  3. Participate in a protest. There are many protests taking place on International Women's Day. Seek out a protest in your area in order to show your support for women and their contributions to the world. You can look online to find protests or ask local political organizations, such as your local League of Women Voters, if any protests are occurring.[9]
    Celebrate International Women's Day Step 8 Version 3.jpg
  4. Look for marathons or walks. Many areas host marathons or walks to raise awareness or money. See if there is a local walk in your area. Marching, running, or walking with other women can help raise awareness for the struggles of women around the world.[10]
    Celebrate International Women's Day Step 7 Version 3.jpg
    • Find a bridge walk. The nonprofit Women for Women International organizes bridge walks all across the world, form Canada all the way to China. Their aim is to raise awareness about what female survivors of war face every day. See if you can find a bridge walk in your area.[11]
  5. Volunteer. Consider actively participating in creating fair wages for women, supporting reproductive rights and care, and legislation that promotes equality. Look into things like women's health clinics or your local Planned Parenthood. See if they're in need of volunteers. If an organization is hosting a special event for International Women's Day, they may need volunteers to help out.[12]
    Celebrate International Women's Day Step 13 Version 3.jpg
    • Make a commitment to volunteering longterm. Organizations are always in need of helpful volunteers to keep things running smoothly.

[Edit]Raising Awareness

  1. Wear red. Women around the world are wearing red to raise awareness of International Women's Day. Make a point of throwing a red shirt, dress, pair of pants, or any other red outfits you have. This can draw attention to your commitment to the day.[13]
    Wear Booties Step 23.jpg
    • If you can't find any red clothing, do something like red nail polish or red jewelry.
  2. Look for ways to share your story. Many women have stories to share. You may have a story where you felt discriminated against. You may also have a story of how you triumphed over adversity. Look for outlets to share your story, like open mic nights, or post something on your Facebook page sharing a story related to women's issues.[14]
    Learn Something New Every Day Step 1 Version 3.jpg
    • Some websites, like Sisterhood Agenda, are inviting people to email in their stories. See if you can find a website that wants to hear your story.[15]
  3. Use social media. Social media can be a great tool to raise awareness. Use your Facebook and Twitter feed to post facts about famous women or link to articles about the struggles of women worldwide. Search hashtags about International Women's Day (i.e., #InternationalWomensDay) to see what others are sharing and re-tweet or re-post compelling articles.
    Trace Cell Phone Numbers Step 4 Version 2.jpg

[Edit]Celebrating Individual Women

  1. Help out a close female friend or family member. This can be anything from taking care of your sister's children for the evening or doing all housework for your mother. If you know a female in need, make extra effort to help her out for International Women's Day.
    Celebrate International Women's Day Step 12 Version 3.jpg
    • Consider making a pledge to an important woman in your life that you will continue to help her out throughout the year. For example, promise your wife or girlfriend you will help support her career more.
  2. Tell a woman what she means to you. This could be your boss, a family member, your significant other, or a friend. You should tell her why she is important and all the things she does well. For instance, if it's your boss, tell her why she's a great boss and how much you've enjoyed working for her.
    Celebrate International Women's Day Step 10 Version 3.jpg
    • You can use social media to do this. Share a post celebrating the women in your life.
  3. Thank the women in your life. Don't just tell them why they are important. Thank them for being there for you and for doing what they do. This could be as simple as thanking your mother for helping to raise you or thanking a female friend for helping out during tough times in your life.
    Celebrate International Women's Day Step 11 Version 3.jpg
    • You can also thank women you do not know. Post something thanking a famous woman for making strides for equality, for example.

[Edit]Tips

  • Anyone can help celebrate this date; encourage those around you to do so.

[Edit]Warnings

  • Don't talk over women, when you're discussing women's rights and the importance of this day. This is an area that they have more experience with and knowledge about.

[Edit]Related wikiHows

[Edit]References

  1. http://www.un.org/womenwatch/feature/iwd/history.html
  2. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/13/130519-women-scientists-overlooked-dna-history-science/
  3. http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/860
  4. http://www.marieclaire.co.uk/reports/how-to-celebrate-international-women-s-day-15306
  5. http://www.marieclaire.co.uk/reports/how-to-celebrate-international-women-s-day-15306
  6. http://www.oprah.com/spirit/international-womens-day-celebrations
  7. https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/arts-post/post/international-womens-day-10-ways-to-celebrate/2012/03/08/gIQACZ16yR_blog.html?utm_term=.83a5a872dbe6
  8. https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/arts-post/post/international-womens-day-10-ways-to-celebrate/2012/03/08/gIQACZ16yR_blog.html?utm_term=.83a5a872dbe6
  9. https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/arts-post/post/international-womens-day-10-ways-to-celebrate/2012/03/08/gIQACZ16yR_blog.html?utm_term=.83a5a872dbe6
  10. http://www.cafamerica.org/intlwomensday/
  11. http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/walk-over-a-bridge-for-international-womens-day-2229767.html
  12. http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/arts-post/post/international-womens-day-10-ways-to-celebrate/2012/03/08/gIQACZ16yR_blog.html
  13. https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/arts-post/post/international-womens-day-10-ways-to-celebrate/2012/03/08/gIQACZ16yR_blog.html?utm_term=.83a5a872dbe6
  14. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/angela-d-coleman-/how-to-celebrate-internat_b_9315734.html
  15. https://sisterhoodagenda.com/share-your-story/

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