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Tuesday, March 17, 2020

How to of the Day

How to of the Day

How to Say Cheers in Irish

Posted: 17 Mar 2020 05:00 PM PDT

The standard way of saying "cheers" in Irish is "sláinte," but there are many more terms and phrases you can offer in toast when speaking the Irish language. Here are a few of the most helpful to know.[1]


[Edit]Standard Cheers

  1. Exclaim "Sláinte!" This is the closest term you can use to toast someone "cheers!" in Irish Gaelic.
    Say Cheers in Irish Step 1.jpg
    • More accurately, the term "sláinte" translates into the English term "health." When using this term, you are essentially toasting to someone's health.
    • Pronounce this Irish term as slawn-cha.[2]
  2. Offer "Sláinte mhaith!" This phrase emphasizes the well wishes of a standard "cheers."
    Say Cheers in Irish Step 2.jpg
    • "Sláinte" means "health" and "mhaith" means "good."
    • Translated directly, the term means "health good" or "good health."[3]
    • You should pronounce this Irish phrase as slan-cha vah.
  3. State "Sláinte chugat!" This variation on the traditional "cheers" is a bit more personal and individualized.
    Say Cheers in Irish Step 3.jpg
    • "Sláinte" means "health" and "chugat" means "you."
    • When paired together in this manner, the English translation is "health to you."[4]
    • Pronounce the Irish toast as slawn-cha hoo-ut'.
    • You can also use "chugaibh" for many people. Pronounced "hoo-uv"
  4. Use "Sláinte agus táinte!" This phrase is another variant on the traditional "cheers" that emphasizes one's well wishes for the person being toasted.
    Say Cheers in Irish Step 4.jpg
    • "Sláinte" means "health," "agus" means "and," and "táinte" means wealth.
    • Translated literally, the phrase means "health and wealth" in English.[5]
    • Pronounce this Irish phrase as slawn-cha ogg-uss tawn-cheh.
  5. Give a hearty "Sláinte na bhfear agus go maire na mná go deo!" This version of the traditional cheers is more elaborate and works especially well when used amongst a group of friends.
    Say Cheers in Irish Step 5.jpg
    • "Sláinte" means "health," "na" means "the," and "bhfear" means "men."
    • "Agus" means "and."
    • "Go" means "that," "maire" means "endure," "na" means "the," "mná" means "women," "go" means "that," and "deo" means "forever."
    • When everything is strung together, the toast means, "Health to the men and may the women live forever."
    • This phrase should roughly be pronounced, slawn-cha na var agus guh mara na m-naw guh djeo.

[Edit]Additional Toasts and Well Wishes

  1. Offer "Croí folláin agus gob fliuch!" This toast essentially offers a wish of health and drink.
    Say Cheers in Irish Step 6.jpg
    • Translated directly, the phrase means "a healthy heart and a wet mouth."[6]
    • "Croí" means "heart," "follain" means "healthy," "agus" means "and," "gob" means "beak" or "mouth," and "fliuich" means "wet."
    • Pronounce the phrase as cree full-in ah-gus gob fluck.
  2. Exclaim "Fad saol agat, gob fliuch, agus bás in Éirinn!" This phrase expands on the wish for longevity and drink by also wishing the toasted a full life in Ireland.
    Say Cheers in Irish Step 7.jpg
    • As a direct translation, this phrase means, "long life to you, a wet mouth, and death in Ireland."[7]
    • "Fad" means "length" or "long," "saol" means "life," and "agat" means "have you" or "you have."
    • "Gob" means "beak" or "mouth" and "fliuch" means "wet."
    • Agus" means "and."
    • "Bás" means "death," "in" means "in," and "Éireann" is the Irish name for "Ireland."
    • You should pronounce this phrase as fah-d seal, gob fluck, ah-gus boss in Air-inn.
  3. Say "Nár laga Dia do lámh!" This toast is a wish for strength and endurance.
    Say Cheers in Irish Step 8.jpg
    • Translated directly, the phrase means, "may God not weaken your hand."[8]
    • "Nár" means "not," "laga" means "weak" or "weaken," "Dia" means "God," "do" means "to," and "lámh" means "hand."
    • You should roughly pronounce the phrase as Nar lah-ga Djee-ah duh lawv.
  4. Use "Go dtaga do ríocht!" Offer this as a toast to prosperity.
    Say Cheers in Irish Step 9.jpg
    • Translated in a direct sense, it means, "may thy kingdom come."
    • "Go" means "in," "dtaga" means "come," "do" means "to," and "ríocht" means "kingdom."
    • Pronounce this toast as guh DAG-uh duh REE-ukht.

[Edit]Seasonal Cheers

  1. Shout "Nollaig shona duit" at Christmas. This is essentially the Irish equivalent of toasting "Merry Christmas" in English.
    Say Cheers in Irish Step 10.jpg
    • "Nollaig shona" means "happy Christmas," and "duit" means "to you," so it directs the toast to the person being toasted.
    • Pronounce this seasonal toast as null-ig hun-ah ditch.
  2. Use "Go mbeire muid mbeo ar an am seo arís" for New Year's. This toast is appropriate to use on New Year's Eve and wishes for health and prolonged life.
    Say Cheers in Irish Step 11.jpg
    • It translates roughly to, "may we be alive at this time next year."
    • This is another phrase that is difficult to translate directly. The first part, "Go mbeire muid mbeo ar" means, "may we live again" and the latter part, "an am seo arís," means "this time next year."
    • You should pronounce this toast as go merr-ih-meedh mee-oh err on om shioh ah-reesh.
  3. Say "Sliocht sleachta ar shliocht bhur sleachta" at a wedding. Offer this toast to the bride and groom to wish blessings upon their future family.
    Say Cheers in Irish Step 12.jpg
    • Roughly translated, the toast means, "may there be a generation of children on the children of your children."[9] Essentially, you are wishing for the newlyweds' family to continually expand and survive for many generations to come.
    • Pronounce this wedding toast as sluckt schlock-ta er shlucht voor schlock-ta.



[Edit]Quick Summary

How to Make an Air Plant Terrarium

Posted: 17 Mar 2020 09:00 AM PDT

If you're looking to bring a little taste of nature into your home, try making an air plant terrarium. Creating a terrarium is simple and can be a fun process for both children and plant-lovers. It's as easy as getting a glass terrarium, then filling it with sand, rocks, and other decorations. Air plants are hardy, so they don't require much maintenance. Build your terrarium, decorate it, and then let it liven up your home.


[Edit]Designing a Terrarium

  1. Select up to 3 Tillandsia plants for your terrarium. Air plants, called Tillandsia, grow to be a variety of different sizes, so it's worth picking the ones you want before choosing a terrarium container. Many of them grow up to long and across. However, there are some varieties that grow as much as long and won't last long in a terrarium. If you're uncertain about how many to get, start with 1 and then add more later if you have room for them.[1]
    Make an Air Plant Terrarium Step 1.jpg
    • Some good terrarium varieties include loliacea, funkiana, and stricta. Tillandsia stricta gets a little bigger than the other ones, so you may not be able to fit more than one in a single terrarium.
    • Tillandsia is sometimes sold as clumps. Clumps are multiple plants growing together into a ball. Clumps tend to be stronger than individual plants. They are likely to continue growing with proper care, which could be a problem if you're short on space.
    • You can order air plants online. They hold up well during shipping, but, if you're worried about getting good plants, you may be able to find some at a home and garden center.
  2. Pick a vented glass container to house your plants. Once you have decided upon a plant size, find a quality container to match. These containers come in a variety of different sizes and styles, so keep in mind how you want the finished terrarium to look. Round terrariums are great for most small air plants, but make sure yours has an open top or side. Teardrop and pyramid-shaped containers fit Tillandsia stricta well, but make sure it has a missing panel on the top or side for ventilation.[2]
    Make an Air Plant Terrarium Step 2.jpg
    • The vent size can vary depending on the terrarium you choose.
    • Consider where you're going to put the terrarium. Some containers are meant to be placed on a flat surface instead of hung up. Make sure you get one with a rope or hook if you want to hang your terrarium!
    • You could also repurpose glass bowls or Mason jars for your terrarium. Most will be about in diameter or more. As long as plenty of air can get in, your air plant will be safe.
    • The containers, as well as the remaining supplies needed for the terrarium, are available online and at most home and garden centers.
  3. Choose sand, pebbles or another base for the terrarium. Select something lightweight that doesn't retain a lot of water. If you're looking for a simple option, get some coarse aquarium or sandbox sand. Aquarium gravel or polished pebbles can bring some color to your terrarium. Use decorative moss or crushed, recycled glass to make your terrarium unique.[3]
    Make an Air Plant Terrarium Step 3.jpg
    • Air plants don't need soil. Soil absorbs moisture and can cause the plants to rot, so you're better off avoiding it.
    • Try layering different bases to give your terrarium more style. For instance, you could mix white sand, colored pebbles, and crushed glass.
  4. Get bark, shells and other items if you wish to decorate the terrarium. These decorations aren't necessary, but they are useful for filling space inside the terrarium. Many decorations, such as bark and sticks, can be found outdoors, but make sure they are dry and free of bugs before putting them in the terrarium. Scatter some decorative moss or aquarium shells around for color. With careful decorating, you can make your terrarium look like a small piece of nature.[4]
    Make an Air Plant Terrarium Step 4.jpg
    • When choosing decorations, keep in mind how much space you have available in your terrarium. Select decorations sparingly to avoid overcrowding the air plants.
    • To ensure your air plants are safe, buy decorations instead of getting them outdoors. You could get orchid bark from a hardware store, for instance.

[Edit]Constructing the Terrarium

  1. Add sand in at least a -thick layer to the terrarium. Pour the sand into the terrarium first so it forms a base for you to build on. Try using plain, regular-colored sand for an inexpensive base that fits well with most terrarium designs. Level the sand out with your hand afterward.[5]

    • You could use other colors of sand as well. For example, you might use blue sand instead, then decorate with shells or other plants to give the terrarium an ocean theme.
    • If you're not planning on using other types of base material for decoration, you could fill the terrarium with more sand. However, make sure the air plant has plenty of room to grow.
  2. Brighten the terrarium with a layer of colored sand or other material. Sand comes in all sorts of different colors you can use to turn your terrarium into something vibrant and unique. If you're looking for something different, spread a -thick layer of rocks or recycled glass. Rocks and glass add a variety and are a good option if you don't want your terrarium to look like a miniature desert or beach.[6]

    • For example, you could alternate layers of colored and regular sand to customize the terrarium with a pattern. Try using your favorite colors to make your terrarium stand out!
    • The additional layers can be as thick as you want as long as you save enough room for the plants and any other decorations you wish to add.
  3. Place some scrap wood around the terrarium for forest theme. Get a couple of pieces of driftwood and spread them throughout the terrarium. Make sure you have room between the wood to fit the air plants. You could turn one piece of wood upside down and mount the air plant onto it for an alternative way to incorporate these decorations. Scrap wood goes well with black, brown, or regular sand for a natural look.[7]
    Make an Air Plant Terrarium Step 7.jpg
    • Small pieces of scrap wood can also fit well next to a couple of shells placed on plain sand.
  4. Use shells to create a beach theme for your terrarium. After filling the terrarium with plain sand or colorful aquarium sand, choose a couple of pretty shells you like. Make sure they are small enough to fit comfortably inside the terrarium. Set them down on top of the sand near where you plan on putting the air plants. It makes the air plants look like they grew up naturally from the sand rather than having been placed in the middle of all these decorations.[8]

    • Match the shells to the base material you used. Colored shells go well with plain sand, but they might not stand out as much with bright, colored sand.
    • If you're decorating with multiple shells, use different types of shells placed at different angles. Arrange them to make your terrarium more varied.
  5. Use decorative plants or coral to give your terrarium more variety. Get some aquarium coral, such as a red or black sea fan. Another option is to add a plant like a yarrow and rest it inside one of the terrarium vents. These decorations add plenty of color to your terrarium without taking nutrients away from the air plants. Spread them around so it looks like the air plants grew side by side with the decorative plants or coral.[9]

    • Decorative moss is great for adding color to plain sand. It works very well if your terrarium is designed to look like a desert.
  6. Place the air plants on top of the material in the container. Air plants don't have roots and don't need to be buried. Set them down gently in a spacious spot to let them adapt to their new home. Make sure the plants aren't pressed up against the decorations or the walls of the terrarium. It helps them spread their leaves and dry off in case they get wet.[10]

    • If the plants feel wet, set them aside for about 15 minutes before putting them in the terrarium. Moisture could cause them to rot. Burying the plants in the base material also forces more water onto them.
    • It is possible to set air plants inside shells and other objects. However, make sure the shell is open with enough space for the plant to grow out of it.
  7. Secure the air plants with glue if you wish to mount them to decorations. Plan out the terrarium first by placing all decorations, then setting the plants where you intend on mounting them. Select a nontoxic adhesive like a silicone sealant, then spread a thin but consistent dab of it on the mounting surface. Gently but firmly press the plant onto the adhesive to stick it in place. Leave the plant undisturbed for about 24 hours to ensure the glue has time to solidify.[11]
    Make an Air Plant Terrarium Step 11.jpg
    • You could also tie the air plant down for a less permanent attachment. Use a long-lasting, sun resistant material like cable ties and place them loosely around the plant's stem.
    • Make sure you mount air plants to nontoxic surfaces. Treated wood has copper in it that harms air plants. Painted and stained wood may also have dangerous chemicals.

[Edit]Choosing a Spot for the Terrarium

  1. Place the terrarium in an area that receives 1 to 3 hours of indirect sunlight a day. Try keeping your terrarium within of a nearby window. Use east, north, or south-facing windows in your home, since they let in the most sunlight. Air plants won't last if they are kept in the dark or in dim light all day.[12]
    Make an Air Plant Terrarium Step 12.jpg
    • You could also set the terrarium within of an artificial light.
    • As long as you keep air plants well-watered, they can withstand more direct sunlight and hotter temperatures.
  2. Select a spot away from cold and moisture for the terrarium. Air plants are tropical, so they don't do well in cold weather. Keep your terrarium away from air conditioners and drafty windows, for example. These sources also tend to introduce too much moisture to the terrarium. Air plants do best in environments above , so they survive well inside homes.[13]
    Make an Air Plant Terrarium Step 13.jpg
    • Keep your terrarium in a safe spot where rain, leaks, or spills won't get inside of it. The water could cause the plants to begin rotting.
  3. Hang the terrarium or set it on a flat surface. This will depend on the kind of terrarium you have. If you have a hanging terrarium, try tying it to a wall hook, nail, or curtain rod, for instance. Most commercial terrariums come with hanging ropes that can be secured to a hanging point inside your home. If you have a standing terrarium, place it on a flat, stable surface, such as a desk or countertop.[14]
    Make an Air Plant Terrarium Step 14.jpg
    • Make sure the terrarium won't be bumped into or knocked over. Jostling it too much could mix up the base material, inadvertently burying the plants or even breaking the glass.

[Edit]Caring for Air Plants

  1. Take the plants out of the terrarium at least once a week. Even though air plants get their nutrients from the air, they still require a little bit of water from time to time. Set aside a day every week for watering. Pull each plant out to avoid introducing too much moisture to the terrarium.[15]
    Make an Air Plant Terrarium Step 15.jpg
    • Air plants in hot, dry areas may need to be watered more frequently. Try misting or soaking them 2 to 3 times a week instead.
    • Check the leaves to see if your plants are getting enough water. The leaves feel full and stiff when they are healthy. They turn soft, light, or even wrinkly when they need more water.
  2. Soak the plants in a bowl of cold water for up to 30 minutes. Fill a bowl with water, then submerge the plants. It may sound weird, but the bath doesn't harm them. Just remember to take them out when the time is up![16]

    • If you don't have time to soak the plants, fill a spray bottle instead. Mist the plants thoroughly for about 15 seconds.
    • To ensure your plants are well-watered, you could soak them for longer once every 2 to 3 weeks. Soak them for 2 hours to ensure they absorb plenty of water.
    • If you have a flowering air plant, spray it instead of soaking it.
  3. Leave the plants in an open area to air dry for 4 hours. Give each plant a gentle shake to remove excess moisture. Then, set it in a spot with good air circulation. Keep the plants out of direct sunlight while they dry. When they're done drying, move them back to the terrarium.[17]

    • Make sure the plants and the terrarium is completely dry. Air plants are soft and prone to rotting from excessive moisture.
    • You could also blot off the excess moisture with a paper towel. Doing this is useful if you aren't able to leave the plant out for long, but try to be as thorough as possible.
  4. Pull the buds off of the plant as they form and grow. Air plants produce new plants called pups. Over time, you may see these new plants coming up from the bottom of the stem. Wait until they are at least ⅓ of the size as the original plant. Then, twist them off by hand to remove them. You can get rid of them or set them in a terrarium so they continue to grow.[18]

    • If you are unable to remove the pups by hand, use a sharp knife to separate them from the original plant. Cut as close to the original plant as possible.
    • Air plants grow slowly, so you may not notice new growth until 1 to 3 years have passed. Then, the air plant flowers and starts growing a bunch of pups.
    • Your original air plant will die a few weeks after it flowers, so save a few pups to replace it in your terrarium. Alternatively, you could leave the new growth on the old plant to turn it into a cluster, but you might run out of space in the terrarium.


  • Air plants can also be grown on plastic trays and other containers. Use planters for bigger air plants that won't fit in a terrarium.
  • To fertilize air plants, mix a bromeliad fertilizer or liquid plant food into water and spray it on the plant in spring and summer. It isn't necessary unless your plant is having a hard time surviving or you're eager to get it to produce new buds.[19]
  • When mounting an air plant, be very gentle to avoid cutting into it or otherwise causing damage. Air plants can be stapled to mounts for extra security as long as you don't staple through the fleshy stem.


  • Copper containers are harmful to air plants. If you're choosing a terrarium that isn't glass, make sure it isn't made with copper.[20]

[Edit]Things You'll Need

  • 1 to 3 air plants
  • Glass terrarium
  • Coarse sand, pebbles, or another base
  • Driftwood and other decorative material
  • Bowl or misting bottle
  • Hangers and hanging string (optional)


How to Celebrate St. Patrick's Day

Posted: 17 Mar 2020 01:00 AM PDT

St. Patrick's Day is a cultural and religious holiday celebrated on the 17th of March, and named in honor of the patron saint of Ireland. The festival commemorates the arrival of Christianity in Ireland, as well as celebrating Irish heritage and culture. St. Patrick's Day is now celebrated by many people throughout the world, Irish and non-Irish alike, with food, drink, and all things green. Here are some guidelines on how to celebrate St. Patrick's Day Irish-style!


[Edit]Get Ready to Celebrate

  1. Go green. Unless you want to, you don't have to wear a sweater with a giant shamrock on it. (Though that would certainly help you stand out.) The great thing about this holiday is you are free to go as subtle or as wild as you like. St. Patrick's Day t-shirts have been a common article of clothing to wear proudly. Consider the following suggestions when picking out something to wear:
    Celebrate St. Patrick's Day Step 2.jpg
    • An all green t-shirt with optional Irish-related sayings, for example, "Kiss me, I'm Irish!" Note that no real Irish person over the age of ten would be caught dead in one of these. T-shirts with Irish beer monikers such as Harp or Guinness are more acceptable
    • For those who are feeling particularly festive, try buying or making a leprechaun costume, replete with white stockings, green top hat and fake (or real!) red beard.
    • If you're working on March 17th, you can still get into the festive spirit by incorporating a little green into your work attire. Try a green-striped polo or collared shirt, a green or shamrock-dotted tie, or green socks and undies for the closet St. Paddy's Day fans.
  2. Accessorize. Buttons, pins and jewelry are all great ways to dress up an outfit. On St. Patrick's Day, they become ways to express the fun side of fashion. Nothing is too gaudy or outlandish. Buttons with clever (or not so clever) sayings are also encouraged. Small shamrock pins are a great and subtle way to express your support of the holiday.
    Celebrate St. Patrick's Day Step 3.jpg
    • It is a tradition in Ireland for all attending parades and generally celebrating to wear a small collection of Shamrock fastened by a clothespin to your top (in the same place as a badge would be worn).
    • Dying your hair or your pet's fur bright green is also a great way to stand out. Be sure to use a non-toxic dye.
    • It's also common to see kids (and sometimes adults) with their faces painted on St. Patrick's Day, particularly if they're attending the parade. Cute shamrocks on the cheeks are a popular option, along with full-faced Irish flags of green, white and orange.
  3. Learn some Irish words and phrases. The Irish have their own distinct dialect of the English language, so if you want to sound like a true Paddy on St. Patrick's day, try sprinkling some of these Hiberno-English gems into your conversation:
    Celebrate St. Patrick's Day Step 4 Version 2.jpg
    • What's the craic? This phrase can be interpreted as either "How's it going?" or "What's going on?" or "What's up?" and is used in non-formal settings. Craic is a very important word in Ireland and can be used to describe your enjoyment of an event or activity, e.g "How was the party?" "Ah sure, it was great craic altogether!" Use "craic" in the correct context and you'll earn major points with the Irish.
    • Grand. Grand is another multi-purpose word in Hiberno-English. It doesn't mean large or impressive, but rather translates as "fine" or "great" depending on the context. "I'm grand" is a perfectly acceptable reply to the question "How are you?" and means the person is doing just fine. If you ask an Irish person "How did the exam go?" and they reply "It was grand" that means it went okay, it wasn't amazing, but it wasn't a disaster either.
    • Eejit. Eejit is basically the Irish word for idiot. If someone does something silly or stupid, you can comment "Ah ya big eejit!" It's not meant to be offensive, rather it's used to make fun of someone in a playful way.
  4. Learn to Irish Dance. Irish dancing is a form of step dancing which is popular both in Ireland and all over the world. Not only will it impress everyone you know, but it's also a fun way to increase flexibility and burn calories! You can learn how to Irish dance by attending classes in your local area or by copying some of the excellent Irish dancing videos and tutorials online. Whip out a few impressive steps and lifts the next time you hear a reel or a jig and nobody will question your Irish credentials.
    Celebrate St. Patrick's Day Step 5 Version 2.jpg
    • Get some friends together and learn how to céili (kay-lee) dance - a form of Irish social dancing that can be done with as few as two and as many as sixteen people.
    • If you get good enough you can compete in the many feiseanna or Irish dancing competitions that take place all over the world. Even better, you can volunteer to perform in the next St. Patrick's Day parade!
  5. Learn a little of the history of St Patrick's Day. St. Patrick's Day has been observed as a religious festival in Ireland for over a thousand years, though it was only recognized as a celebration of Irish culture and heritage in the 1970s.[1] The day is named in honor of St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland, who has been credited with bringing Christianity to Ireland. There are multiple origin stories for St. Patrick, but:
    Celebrate St. Patrick's Day Step 1 Version 2.jpg
    • Most sources agree that St. Patrick's actual name was Maewyn Succat. They also agree that Maewyn was kidnapped and sold into slavery at age 16 and, to help him endure his enslavement, he turned to God.[2]
    • Six years after his captivity began, St. Patrick escaped from slavery to France, where he became a priest, and then the second Bishop to Ireland. He spent the next 30 years establishing schools, churches, and monasteries across the country. He brought Christianity widespread acceptance amongst the pagan indigenous peoples.[3]
    • It is thought that St. Patrick used a shamrock as a metaphor for the Trinity (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit), showing how three individual units could be part of the same body. His parishioners began wearing shamrocks to his church services. Today, "the wearing of the green" on St. Patrick's Day represents spring, shamrocks, and Ireland.[3]

[Edit]On the Day

  1. Travel to Ireland. What better way to celebrate the quintessential Irish holiday than a trip to the land of Saints and Scholars! Dublin, the capital city, usually holds a five day festival in honor of the holiday and is the location of Ireland's largest and most impressive St. Patrick's Day parade. The city buzzes with life over the course of the festival - thousands of tourists flood the city and the pubs are overflowing with travelers and locals alike, eager to "drown the shamrock". So if you're looking to celebrate St. Patrick's Day in true Irish fashion, this is the place to be!
    Celebrate St. Patrick's Day Step 6 Version 2.jpg
    • Alternatively, you can take a trip down the country to escape from the tourist-ridden streets of Dublin and experience a somewhat quieter, but more authentic version of the holiday. Most towns will have some semblance of a parade - the quality varying from decent to poor - but the real reason to go is for the vibrant pub-scene, where you can enjoy high-quality traditional and contemporary Irish music surrounded by an authentic Irish crowd!
    • As mentioned above, thousands of tourists flock to Ireland every March so it's advisable to book flights and accommodation well in advance, to avoid soaring prices and possible disappointment.
  2. Eat traditional Irish food. Beer and spirits are not the only great consumable goods to come out of Ireland. Corned beef, cabbage and lamb stew accompanied by traditional Irish soda bread are tasty ways to "keep it real." Potatoes are about as Irish as you can get and are one of the staples of the Irish diet.
    Celebrate St. Patrick's Day Step 7 Version 2.jpg
    • Traditional Irish foods include bangers and mash, colcannon, bacon (boiled ham) and cabbage, stew, boxty, Shepherd's Pie, potato bread and black pudding.
    • In Ireland, the day is usually celebrated by eating food such as pink bacon or savory roast chicken. Note that corned beef and cabbage is more of an Irish-American tradition than an authentically Irish one.[4]
  3. Play some Irish music. Ireland has a long history with music, and many incredible styles have emerged. Celtic, folk and traditional Irish pub songs might just get you in the St. Patrick's Day spirit! You can play some Irish music at home, listen to it on the radio (some stations will have special St. Patrick's Day features) or find out about any Irish bands or musicians playing locally.
    Celebrate St. Patrick's Day Step 8 Version 2.jpg
    • Find a compilation CD of traditional Irish songs or download some individual songs online. You should easily be able to find traditional Irish music by artists such as The Chieftains, The Dubliners, Planxty and Clannad, for example.
    • If traditional music isn't your thing, don't forget about the many contributions Irish musicians have made to the world of rock and pop. Think U2, Van Morrison, Thin Lizzy and The Cranberries.
    • Alternatively, you can try your hand at some traditional Irish instruments, such as the tin whistle, the bodhrán, the harp, the fiddle or the uilleann pipes. However, you're not likely to produce anything very melodic sounding if it's your first time!
  4. Attend or get involved in local parades. If you can't make it to the five day festival in Dublin, Ireland, check out the scene locally. Many parades feature the best of local dance troupes, marching bands, gymnasts and musicians in addition to spectacular themed floats and brightly costumed participants. You can enjoy the parade as a spectator or contact your local parade organization committee to get involved.
    Celebrate St. Patrick's Day Step 9 Version 2.jpg
    • There are many ways to participate in your local parade. You can get dressed up and march in the parade yourself, help design costumes or floats or help out with the organization of the parade. St. Patrick's day is a festive, communal holiday - so get involved!
    • Though small towns aren't likely to have parades, many large cities such as New York City, Boston, St. Louis, San Francisco, Chicago, London, Montreal and Sydney have great celebrations.
    • Savannah, GA boasts the second largest parade in the United States, while out of any US state, Boston has the highest number of Irish descendants by percentage of population, and its South Boston St. Patrick's Day parade is the first recorded anywhere in the world.[5]
  5. Check out the pub scene. Most bars and pubs love St. Patrick's Day, as it's one of the few holidays known for a marked increase in alcohol consumption, so many will be catering to patrons with a festive St. Patrick's theme. You may find special prices on draft beer, food and cover charges. Call around to your favorite joints and ask if they have any celebration plans.
    Celebrate St. Patrick's Day Step 10 Version 2.jpg
    • A pub crawl can be a great way to get some friends together and explore the local pub scene, especially if there are a lot of Irish bars in your area. Make a list of the pubs you want to visit in advance (if you are ambitious you could aim for 17 pubs in honor of March 17th!), then make a rule that everyone needs to have a pint in each pub you visit. 17 pints of Guinness anyone?
    • It would be a shame to drink Budweiser on St. Patrick's Day, regardless of where in the world you are. If Guinness isn't your thing, try a pint of Bulmers (also called Magners) cider, Smithwick's ale, Jameson Irish whiskey or some Bailey's Irish cream. Whatever you drink, avoid any green beer.
  6. Consider having a party at home. If you aren't a fan of the bar scene but still want to celebrate, invite a few friends over and have a St. Patrick's Day themed party. Go as extreme or as laid back as you want: insist that everyone wear green or just have them come as they are and chill out with a few beers.
    Celebrate St. Patrick's Day Step 11 Version 2.jpg
    • Consider starting a tradition, such as watching a movie, "The Quiet Man" with John Wayne and Maureen O'Hara is a fun choice; serve corned beef and cabbage or Irish stew with colcannon (mashed potatoes and cabbage).
    • Make green beer and green chocolate chip cookies for your party.
    • In Ireland it is common to get together with family for St. Patrick's Day, so perhaps you'd like to do this too.


  • Green doughnuts can be fun, especially if you can shape them as a clover. Quite a few stores make these if you'd rather buy them.
  • Some people celebrate this day by pinching people who are not wearing green. There are many people who don't like to be pinched though, so be careful!
  • The 8th-17th of March is Seachtain na Gaeilge, which translates to "Week of Ireland/Irish". If you're Irish, try to celebrate this week by speaking more Irish than you would normally.


  • Be respectful. St. Patrick's Day began as a Catholic feast day and is still regarded as such in Ireland. Some people in Ireland, particularly in the countryside, still observe the feast day by attending mass. Although drinking and partying on St. Patrick's Day is widespread, it is important to be aware of this fact.
  • Be responsible. Whether you are going out to a bar or over to a friend's, drinking and driving is not acceptable. Select a designated driver in advance who will not drink and will be sure you get home safely.

[Edit]Related wikiHows


[Edit]Quick Summary

How to Paint Gold

Posted: 16 Mar 2020 05:00 PM PDT

When you want to replicate gold objects in paintings, mix different colors together to simulate the highlights, base color, and shadows of the gold. Blend them together using different gradients to imitate the way light would reflect off of the object. If you're wondering about painting on top of real gold, you can paint over gold leaf with acrylic or oil paints after it has been applied to a variety of surfaces including canvas, paper, and even furniture. If you want to paint common household items gold, try spray painting them.


[Edit]Replicating Gold Objects in Paintings

  1. Put yellow, dark red, reddish-brown, black, and white paints on a palette. Use something like cadmium yellow, crimson or magenta, oxide brown or burnt umber, chromatic black, and true white colors. These will be what you mix together to achieve different shades of gold and mimic the effects of light hitting the object.[1]
    Paint Gold Step 1.jpg
    • The exact color names can vary depending on paint brands.
  2. Paint a black outline of the gold object you want to add to your painting. Use a fine-tipped paintbrush and your black paint to sketch a rough outline of the object on your canvas or paper. Don't worry about making it too detailed, just sketch the basic shape.[2]
    Paint Gold Step 2 Version 2.jpg
    • For example, if you want to paint a gold vase, just paint the outline of the overall shape as well as lines that represent any unique features, such as where the vase gets narrower and the metal dips inwards.
  3. Mix together white and yellow paint to apply highlights of the gold first. Stir together equal parts of your cadmium yellow and white paints on your palette. Use a medium-sized paintbrush to apply the paint to areas of the object where there are highlights.[3]
    Paint Gold Step 3.jpg
    • Highlights are wherever the most light would be hitting the object. For instance, if you are painting a gold vase, imagine that the light is shining on it from the left side of the page. The highlights would be on the inside of the lip of the vase at the right side of the page and towards the left side of the outside of the vase.
    • Keep in mind that gold is very reflective and thus has very strong highlights. The brightest parts of the highlights can appear almost white.[4]
  4. Combine your reddish-brown and yellow paints to fill in the base gold color. Mix together your cadmium yellow and burnt umber or oxide brown paints in equal parts and adjust the mixture until you like the gold color. Use a medium-sized paintbrush to fill in the object you are painting around the areas you applied highlights to.[5]
    Paint Gold Step 4.jpg
    • You can paint over the highlighted areas to adjust them and blend them in. Make the areas closest to the highlights lighter and the areas further away from the highlights darker.
  5. Add black and dark red to the base gold color mixture and paint in shadows. Stir a tiny bit of black into the mixture of yellow and brown on your palette to darken it, then stir in a tiny bit of the magenta or crimson to make it warmer. Use this to paint shadows on the areas of the object where the light doesn't hit.[6]
    Paint Gold Step 5 Version 2.jpg
    • For example, if you are painting a gold vase with the light coming from the left side of your canvas or paper, paint shadows on the far right side of the outside of the vase and on the inside of the left side of the lip.
    • If you look at shadows on a real gold object, you will notice they are often almost red in color. You can adjust your paint mixture to make it redder as you see fit to make the shadows warmer and more realistic looking.[7]
  6. Work on blending the colors in to replicate the effect of light on the gold. Adjust the mixes you made for the highlights, the base gold color, and the shadows by changing the ratios of the paints to make them darker and lighter. Blend the areas between the highlights, regular gold, and shadows using different gradients of color to mimic how gold looks when light is shining on it.[8]
    Paint Gold Step 6 Version 2.jpg
    • It helps to look at a picture of a gold object or have a real gold object in front of you while you do this so you can see how the light reflects off of it and creates different hues. Try your best to imitate these effects.

[Edit]Painting on Top of Gold Leaf

  1. Avoid touching gold leaf that is less than 22 karats with bare fingers. Gold leaf with a purity of less than 22 karats or imitation gold leaf will oxidize if it is exposed to the oils on your bare fingers. Wear latex gloves if you must touch the gold leaf for any reason.[9]
    Paint Gold Step 7.jpg
    • The only easy way to tell what purity gold leaf is would be to check the manufacturer's information on the packaging. If you aren't the person who applied the gold leaf and you don't have the packaging available, it is safest to just not touch it.
    • Fingerprints will continue oxidizing even after gold leaf is sealed with a protective coating, so it's very important to avoid touching it.
    • If you don't know how pure the gold leaf is, avoid touching it to be safe.
  2. Seal gold leaf with solvent-based varnish before painting if it is under 22 karats. Apply 2-3 coats of mineral spirit acrylic (MSA) varnish with a paintbrush, spray on 2-3 coats of archival MSA varnish, or apply any other type of solvent-based varnish. Work in long, even strokes with the brush or spray can to evenly coat the gold leaf.[10]
    Paint Gold Step 8.jpg
    • The coats of varnish will protect the gold leaf from oxidation since most acrylic paints contain ammonia in their formulas, which oxidizes gold leaf.
    • Don't use a polymer-based varnish to seal the gold leaf as this also contains ammonia that will oxidize it.
  3. Paint directly on top of high-purity gold leaf that is 22-24 karats. Real gold leaf of high-purity doesn't need to be sealed before painting. Pure gold won't oxidize for any reason.[11]
    Paint Gold Step 9.jpg
    • You can also safely handle high-purity gold leaf without gloves.
  4. Apply acrylic paint opaquely or transparently over gold leaf for different effects. Paint using a paintbrush and an acrylic paint of your choice as is or water it down to create transparent washes. Leave some areas of gold unpainted, some completely covered, and some partially showing through transparent layers to combine the gold leaf with the paint in different ways.[12]
    Paint Gold Step 10.jpg
    • It's completely up to you how you want to use acrylic paint on top of the gold leaf. Experiment with different techniques to create different effects and achieve the look you want.
  5. Paint with oil on top of gold leaf if you want rich colors. Apply oil paint to gold leaf using a paintbrush to create whatever designs you want to. Oil paint colors tend to be brighter and richer than acrylic paint, so it's a good option when you want to paint very colorful designs.[13]
    Paint Gold Step 11.jpg
    • You can paint on top of gold leaf with oil as if you were painting on canvas or any other surface. The designs and effects you create are totally up to you as the artist.
  6. Add a clear acrylic-based varnish the same day if you used acrylic paint. Acrylic paint usually dries in less than 1 hour and no longer than 2 hours. Apply 1 coat of polymer varnish gloss on top of the dried acrylic paint to protect and preserve it.[14]
    Paint Gold Step 12.jpg
    • Never use this type of acrylic-based varnish as a pre-sealant or on top of oil paint.
  7. Finish oil paintings by applying a coat of solvent-based varnish after 1 month. Wait for 1 month to ensure that the oil paint has fully cured before you seal it. Use a paintbrush to apply 1 coat of MSA varnish, spray on 1 coat of archival MSA varnish, or use any other solvent-based varnish to seal and protect the oil paint.[15]
    Paint Gold Step 13.jpg
    • You can use the same type of varnish you used as a pre-sealant for the final protective coat on top of oil paint.

[Edit]Things You'll Need

[Edit]Replicating Gold Objects in Paintings

  • Palette
  • Fine-tipped paintbrush
  • Medium-sized paintbrush
  • Yellow, dark red, reddish-brown, black, and white paints

[Edit]Painting on Top of Gold Leaf

  • Latex gloves (optional)
  • Paintbrush
  • MSA varnish or archival MSA varnish
  • Acrylic paint
  • Oil paint
  • Polymer varnish
  • MSA varnish or archival MSA varnish
  • Paintbrush


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