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Thursday, January 30, 2020

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How to Have a Good Job Interview

Posted: 30 Jan 2020 04:00 PM PST

Getting a job interview is an exciting and scary experience. You want to make a great impression on your interviewer and get the job, but you likely feel super nervous. To have a good interview, do your homework ahead of time by researching the employer, reviewing the job description, and planning how you'll answer questions. Then, make a good impression by dressing professionally and arriving on time. When you're talking to your interviewer, focus on how you fit the company and try to give memorable answers. Then, follow up with the interviewer to increase your chances of getting hired.


[Edit]Doing Your Homework

  1. Research the potential employer before the interview. Type the name of the company into your favorite internet search engine. Review their website, then check out their recent postings on social media. Next, look for news articles about the company. Learn as much as you can so you can show that knowledge in your interview.[1]
    Have a Good Job Interview Step 1 Version 4.jpg
    • Pay attention to the company's mission statement, their current goals or projects, and their future plans.
    • Look for materials that were provided to employees, shareholders, or potential investors.
  2. Find the interviewer on LinkedIn so you can learn about them. Learning about your interview allows you to build a rapport with them. Additionally, you can tailor your answers to them, which might help you get the job. Check out your interviewer's profile to find out where they went to school, where they've worked, and what jobs they've held. Try to find some commonalities with them.[2]
    Have a Good Job Interview Step 2 Version 4.jpg
    • For example, if you both studied the same major in college, you might be able to bring that up in your interview.
    • If they don't have a LinkedIn account, see if you can find them on other social media sites. However, don't stalk your interviewer and be careful with information that isn't related to work. Your interviewer won't be impressed by your knowledge about their family life.
  3. Review the job description so you can explain why you're a good fit. Your interview is your chance to show why you're a good fit for the job, and the job description tells you exactly how to do that. Read over the job description to identify the skills and abilities the company wants in a successful candidate. Then, connect your work and education history to what they're looking for.[3]
    Have a Good Job Interview Step 3 Version 4.jpg
    • For instance, let's say the job description includes "self-starter," "able to create innovative solutions," and "team mindset." You might identify instances where you've worked alone and met deadlines, examples of creative solutions you've implemented, and stories about your successes on team projects.
  4. Practice answering common questions before your interview. While some employers throw in random questions, there are several popular interview questions that appear in most job interviews. Review these questions and develop a good answer based on your work and education history. Then, practice delivering your answers. Here are some common questions:[4]
    Have a Good Job Interview Step 4 Version 4.jpg
    • What are your strengths?
    • What are your weaknesses?
    • Why do you want to work for this company?
    • Where do you see yourself in 5 years? What about 10 years?
    • Why are you leaving your current company?
    • What do you think you offer that no one else will?
    • When did you make a mistake in the past? What happened?
    • What is an accomplishment that makes you proud?
  5. Do a mock interview with a friend or family member. Doing mock interviews helps you practice giving your answers to another person. Pick someone who is supportive of you but will give you honest feedback about how you can improve. Then, give them a list of common interview questions that they can ask. Treat the mock interview just like a regular interview.[5]
    Have a Good Job Interview Step 5 Version 4.jpg
    • Ask the mock interviewer to bring you into the interview space and sit you down. Then, answer their questions just like you would in a normal interview.
    • If you can't get someone to interview you, film yourself answering the questions aloud. Then, watch the video to see how you can improve.
  6. Make a list of 5-10 potential questions you can ask. Asking questions in an interview shows that you're interested in the job and took the time to prepare. Based on your research and the job description, identify 5-10 potential questions that you might ask at the interview. Write your questions down so that you'll have a few options in mind when you go in for your interview.[6]
    Have a Good Job Interview Step 6 Version 4.jpg
    • For instance, you could ask questions like, "Are there opportunities for growth here?" "How big is the team?" or "What resources are available for the project?"
    • Ask about the biggest projects you'll be working on. This shows your employer that you've closely read the job description and are anticipating taking on the role.
    • It's okay to ask questions that come to you during the interview. Your list of questions should be a fall-back.
  7. Identify career or education-related stories you can tell in the interview. Telling a story can help you demonstrate that you have the skills for the job. Think about times that you accomplished something significant, created a solution, handled a difficult situation, overcame an obstacle, or demonstrated leadership skills. Then, practice explaining those experiences in a way that highlights your best qualities.[7]
    Have a Good Job Interview Step 7 Version 4.jpg
    • For example, you might explain how you handled someone stealing credit for your work at a past job or how you got the best out of a team that wasn't collaborating well.
    • Similarly, you might highlight your accomplishments by telling a story about how you attained your most lucrative client or how you solved a problem that could have been a major liability for your company.
  8. Bring copies of your resume and portfolio if you have one. Your interviewer likely has a copy of your cover letter or resume, but having your own copies makes you look ultra-prepared. Take a folder containing several copies of your resume and cover letter to the interview, just in case. Additionally, bring a copy of your work portfolio if that's common in your industry.[8]
    Have a Good Job Interview Step 8 Version 4.jpg
    • For instance, you might bring a portfolio if you're interviewing for a design job. However, you probably won't need one if you're interviewing to be a nurse or a barista.

[Edit]Making a Good First Impression

  1. Dress professionally to show you're serious about getting the job. Choose an outfit that reflects the position you want to attain. Additionally, make sure your outfit is clean, wrinkle-free, and fits well. This will show the potential employer that you take your career seriously.[9]
    Have a Good Job Interview Step 9 Version 4.jpg
    • Don't wear a bunch of cologne or perfume to your interview. Some people are sensitive to smells, so the scent might detract from what you're saying.
    • If you know the company culture includes more casual dress, it's okay to choose an outfit that fits with the typical workplace attire.
  2. Turn off your phone and other electronics before the interview. You probably have a lot of important concerns right now, but dealing with them in a job interview is a no-no. Put your phone and other electronics on silent or turn them completely off. If you feel your phone go off, ignore it until after the interview.[10]
    Have a Good Job Interview Step 10 Version 3.jpg
    • If you're in a unique situation where you can't turn off your phone, discuss this with your interviewer ahead of time. For instance, if you were an on-call nurse who's interviewing for a job as a college professor, you might need to take a call from the hospital. In this unique case, your interviewer might understand.
  3. Arrive to your interview 10-15 minutes early. It's really important that you be on time for the interview. Not only does it show you're reliable, it also demonstrates that you can plan ahead for unfamiliar situations. Being late for any reason will make you look unorganized and unconcerned.[11]
    Have a Good Job Interview Step 11 Version 3.jpg
    • Don't arrive more than 15 minutes early because it may confuse or inconvenience your interviewer. If you arrive to the location really early, go for a short walk or review your interview materials while you wait outside.
  4. Make eye contact when you meet your interviewer. Eye contact shows the interviewer that you're really listening to them and helps create a connection. Additionally, it projects that you have good interpersonal skills. Maintain eye contact during your greeting and throughout the interview.[12]
    Have a Good Job Interview Step 12 Version 3.jpg
    • If eye contact is hard for you, practice by making eye contact with yourself in a mirror or practice with a relative or friend.
  5. Give a firm handshake so you seem confident. When you meet your interviewer, go in for a handshake. Give their hand a firm squeeze and pump your arm twice before pulling away. This shows them that you're confident and have strong interpersonal skills.[13]
    Have a Good Job Interview Step 13 Version 3.jpg
    • If your palm is sweaty, discreetly wipe your hand off on your clothes or a tissue before you go in for the handshake.

[Edit]Talking to the Interviewer

  1. Set a positive, enthusiastic tone throughout the interview. You'll be a stronger candidate if you appear to have a good attitude and seem excited about the job. Focus your answers on your accomplishments and how you hope to succeed moving forward. When you talk about past obstacles, explain how they've helped you grow and what lessons you've learned.[14]
    Have a Good Job Interview Step 14.jpg
    • For instance, tell the interviewer that you're excited to take on new job tasks. Say, "I'm really excited about the opportunities for growth here. This project sounds really exciting."
    • When talking about a conflict with a past coworker, say, "Communication with my team leader at my prior job was difficult at first, but our relationship taught me new ways to communicate. Because we compromised, we were able to complete our project ahead of schedule."
  2. Explain why you're a great fit for the position and the company. The interviewer wants to know how you'll solve the company's problems, so tell them why you'll perform well in the position if you're hired. Discuss how your skills fit the job description and what your first steps will be if you're hired. Additionally, use stories about your past work to show how you'll perform well at this company.[15]
    Have a Good Job Interview Step 15.jpg
    • Your answers to each question should focus on how your knowledge, skills, and background fit this position and this company.
    • As an example, let's say they ask you, "Why do you want to work for this company?" You might say something like, "I love that this company is focused on innovation instead of maintaining the status quo. In my career, I've developed systems that explore new concepts, and I want to pursue that further."
  3. Tell a unique story about your career or education so you're memorable. The company is likely interviewing a lot of candidates, so it's easy to blend in with the other interviewees. To stand out, tell a story that makes you memorable. Make sure that one of the stories you pick from your work or education history sets you apart from the other candidates, then include that in your answers to the interview questions.[16]
    Have a Good Job Interview Step 16.jpg
    • For example, let's say your interviewer has asked, "What is a time that you made a mistake in the past? What happened?" You might reply, "At my previous job, I saved an important client presentation to a USB drive that I accidentally broke on the way to the client meeting. I knew my company needed to impress the client, so I had to recreate the presentation from scratch. I made myself a couple of notecards and delivered the presentation from memory. To make up for the lack of visuals, I incorporated audience participation. The representatives had so much fun in the presentation that they invited me to lunch and signed a contract that same day."
  4. Put a positive spin on past career obstacles so you seem resilient. You've likely had some tough workdays and possibly a boss or coworker you hated. However, it's never a good look to bring this up in an interview. Instead, talk about how you thrived when going through an obstacle and focus on the best qualities in your former coworkers.[17]
    Have a Good Job Interview Step 17.jpg
    • For instance, let's say your boss yelled a lot and degraded you. Instead of talking about how bad of a boss they were, you might say, "We didn't always see eye-to-eye, but my former boss and I talked every day."
  5. Avoid telling jokes because they might make you look less professional. Jokes are tricky because they might get misunderstood. The interviewer could be offended or might mistake your joke for a sign that you don't care about your work. Play it safe and don't make jokes.[18]
    Have a Good Job Interview Step 18.jpg
    • It's okay if you tell a story that's slightly humorous. However, don't try to make something funny if it's not.
    • Never tell jokes about your profession or the interviewer's job. They might not appreciate your sense of humor.
  6. Be honest about your weaknesses but explain how you'll improve. You might feel embarrassed about your weaknesses, and that's totally normal. However, lying or trying to pretend your weaknesses are really strengths won't do you any favors. Instead, explain what your biggest weakness has been in the past. Then, discuss what you're doing to improve on it.[19]
    Have a Good Job Interview Step 19.jpg
    • As an example, don't try to turn your weakness into a strength by saying, "My biggest weakness is that I'm too dedicated to my job." The interviewer will only think that you're not being honest about your actual weaknesses.
    • You might say, "I sometimes get flustered when I'm speaking to large groups. While people don't seem to notice, I think my job performance will be better if I improve my public speaking skills. I've recently joined Toastmasters and I'm already feeling more confident."
  7. Ask your interviewer questions about the job. Your interviewer will give you a chance to ask questions about the job, which typically occurs at the end of the interview. Ask 3-5 questions based on what you discussed or from your list of prepared questions. This shows that you're interested in the job.[20]
    Have a Good Job Interview Step 20.jpg
    • You might ask, "What does the timeline look like for the upcoming project?" or "Will the selected candidate be able to suggest new opportunities from growing sales?"

[Edit]Closing the Interview

  1. Thank the interviewer for their time and assistance. Your interviewer is probably really busy, so they'll appreciate your acknowledgement of their time. Shake their hand and tell them that you're appreciative of the chance to interview. Additionally, thank them for any special help they've given you, such as telling you more about the company, explaining where to park, or setting the interview at a time that works for you.[21]
    Have a Good Job Interview Step 21.jpg
    • Say, "Thank you so much for taking the time to talk with me. I really appreciate the information you provided about this great opportunity."
  2. Tell the interviewer that you want the job. It's common for people to change their mind about a job after their interview. Because of this, your interviewer is likely to focus on the candidates who seem the most excited about filling this position. Before you leave, make it clear that you want this job by directly telling the interviewer.[22]
    Have a Good Job Interview Step 22.jpg
    • You might say, "I know this job is a perfect fit for my skills, and I hope I get the chance to help your company reach its goals."
  3. Send a follow-up email or thank you note. Some interviewers perceive a follow-up as an indication that a person is really interested. For most jobs, it's best to send a brief email telling the interviewer that you appreciate the opportunity and are available to discuss the job further. However, you might send a handwritten note if you work in a creative industry or the non-profit sector.[23]
    Have a Good Job Interview Step 23.jpg
    • Write, "Dear Mr. Jones, Thank you for taking the time to meet with me today. I'm even more excited about this opportunity. I'd really like the opportunity to talk to you more about what I can do for your company. Thanks, Amy Lincoln."
  4. Prepare to discuss your skills with several people at a second interview. During a second interview, you'll typically expand on your work history and abilities, often with stories about your past jobs. Identify additional stories that you can use to show that you'll fit into this position. Additionally, review a list of out-of-the-box interview questions so you can practice thinking on your feet.[24]
    Have a Good Job Interview Step 24.jpg
    • It's likely that you'll interview with a panel or several different people. Assume that you're going to be talking to several people from different departments.
    • Get someone you trust to ask you a bunch of random questions so you can practice answering.

[Edit]Additional Help



  • Don't get off-topic because it can waste your interview time. Your interviewer likely has a block of time reserved for this interview, so use every moment to show why you're a good fit.
  • If you don't know an answer, admit that you need to learn more about that topic. Say, "I'm not as well-informed about that topic, but I'll find the answer after this interview."
  • If you have an interview with a company that you do not want to keep, you may need to decline it as soon as possible.


  • Remember that your interviewer is a professional who's interviewing you for a job. Don't talk to them like they're a friend or overshare information that's not related to the job.
  • The interviewer may interrupt your flow to see how you react. If this happens, remain calm and helpful.

[Edit]Related wikiHows


[Edit]Quick Summary


How to Mine Bitcoins

Posted: 30 Jan 2020 08:00 AM PST

You've heard of Bitcoin and you're ready to get your hands on some digital wealth. However, this may be easier said than done. When you "mine" Bitcoin, you actually verify Bitcoin transactions in the public, decentralized ledger of Bitcoin transactions (called the blockchain). Every time you find a new block to add to the chain, the system gives you some Bitcoin as a reward. Back in the early days of Bitcoin, it was easy to mine Bitcoin using your own computer. However, as the cryptocurrency has become more popular, it has become all but impossible for individuals to make a profit mining Bitcoin. That doesn't stop a lot of people from trying, though. If you want to mine Bitcoin, you can either sign up with a cloud-mining company or build your own mining rig to mine for yourself.[1]


[Edit]Setting Up a Bitcoin Wallet

  1. Download a software or mobile wallet if you're just getting started. Software wallets are kept on your computer, while mobile wallets are apps that you install on your smartphone. Software and mobile wallets are reasonably secure, can be downloaded for free, and are suitable for smaller amounts of Bitcoin.[2]
    Mine Bitcoins Step 1 Version 3.jpg
    • You can find a list of secure wallets approved for use with Bitcoin at
    • Some wallets are hybrid, meaning that you can access them through software on your computer and through an app on your mobile phone.
  2. Invest in a hardware wallet if you're serious about Bitcoin. Hardware wallets may set you back a couple of hundred dollars but are considered more secure. Since they aren't connected to the internet, they aren't vulnerable to hackers. If you intend to keep your Bitcoin long-term, a hardware wallet is likely a worthwhile investment.[3]
    Mine Bitcoins Step 2 Version 3.jpg
    • Trezor and Ledger are two of the more popular hardware wallets available. You can buy them online or at brick-and-mortar stores that sell computer supplies and accessories.
  3. Enable all security features on your wallet. Once you've chosen a Bitcoin wallet, set it up for maximum security to protect your Bitcoin. Use two-factor authentication to secure your account. When you log in, a code will be sent to you in a text message or email. You have to enter the code to access your account. This makes your account less vulnerable to hacking.[4]
    Mine Bitcoins Step 3 Version 3.jpg
    • Make sure the password you choose is secure and would be difficult for anyone to guess. If you have a password manager on your computer or smartphone, you can use that to create a secure, encrypted password.

[Edit]Getting a Cloud-Mining Contract

  1. Decide which cloud-mining service provider to use. There are a number of different cloud-mining service providers available, some of which are better established than others. Each service charges different fees and has different contract packages available.[5]
    Mine Bitcoins Step 4 Version 3.jpg
    • Genesis, Hashflare, and Minex are some of the more popular cloud-mining services. However, the most popular services with the best reputations also are frequently sold out of contracts.
    • Research services carefully. There have been numerous cloud-mining scams. Make sure the company is legitimate and has a good reputation. You can search the name of the service and see what people are saying online about it. Websites such as CryptoCompare can also help you analyze company reputations. Visit to get started.
    • Be careful of a cloud-mining service that makes guarantees or claims that sound too good to be true. It is likely a scam. No cloud-mining service can guarantee you a particular rate of return, or guarantee that you'll break even or start turning a profit in a short amount of time.
  2. Pick a cloud mining contract package. With cloud-mining, you essentially lease mining power from a miner farm for a period of time. While your contract is active, you get all the Bitcoin that is mined using that amount of mining power, minus fees paid to the cloud-mining service for maintenance of the mining hardware.[6]
    Mine Bitcoins Step 5 Version 3.jpg
    • Contracts typically last from 1 to 3 years, although some last longer. While shorter contracts may carry a lower price tag, it's unlikely that you'll make any money in a shorter period of time. You usually need at least 2 years to break even.
    • Prices vary anywhere from under $100 for smaller contracts to several thousand dollars for larger contracts with more mining power – expressed as the hash rate. For example, as of 2019, Genesis offers a 2-year Bitcoin mining contract for $50, which gets you 1 TH/s (1 Tera hash per second, or 1,000,000,000,000 hashes per second). This sounds like a lot, but it's unlikely that you'd do much more than break even in 2 years on such a small plan. At the other end of the spectrum, you could get a 5-year contract for $6,125 with 25 TH/s.
  3. Withdraw your earnings to your secure wallet. When you purchase your contract, your mining power goes to work for you immediately. As you earn Bitcoin, it will show up on your account at the cloud-mining service. When you've accumulated enough, you can send it to your wallet.[7]
    Mine Bitcoins Step 6 Version 3.jpg
    • Some cloud-mining services may do regular payouts on an established schedule, such as once a month or once a quarter. Others may allow you to withdraw your earnings any time you want, as long as you have a minimum amount. The minimum can range anywhere from 0.05 BTC to 0.00002 BTC.

[Edit]Using Your Own Hardware

  1. Use an online mining calculator to calculate mining profitability. Mining rigs can be relatively expensive and consume a lot of power. Playing with different setups on an online mining calculator can help you determine whether it's worth it to you to start mining.[8]
    Mine Bitcoins Step 7 Version 3.jpg
    • CryptoCompare has a mining calculator available at
    • If you're just getting started, you may not have all the information available, such as mining pool fees or power cost. However, the more information you provide, the more accurate the profitability estimate will be.
  2. Buy ASIC miners and a power supply for your mining rig. An ASIC miner is an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) designed specifically to mine Bitcoin. Essentially, it's a computer chip that needs a power supply to run it. ASIC miners vary in price depending on their hashing power and their efficiency.[9]
    Mine Bitcoins Step 8 Version 3.jpg
    • For example, the Bitmain Antminer S15 has a maximum hash rate of 28 TH/s and consumes 1596W of power. Over the course of a year, you could earn a little under $200 worth of Bitcoin with this miner, depending on the cost of your electricity. However, considering the miner costs between $1500 and $2000, it would still take you at least 7 to 10 years at that rate to start turning a profit, at the Bitcoin price of $4000.
    • You can monitor the price of Bitcoin to calculate changes in the time it will take to turn a profit. Profit may also vary based on the price of electricity.
  3. Connect your miner and boot it up. Connect your power supply to your ASIC miner, then connect your miner to your router. Use an ethernet cable to connect your miner – a wireless connection is not stable enough.[10]
    Mine Bitcoins Step 9.jpg
    • Type your router's IP address in a web browser. This will take you to your router's admin page. Click on "Connected Devices" to find the IP address for your ASIC miner. Copy and paste the IP address for your ASIC miner into your web browser. This will enable you to configure your miner.
  4. Download Bitcoin mining software to a networked computer. After you've connected your hardware, you need to download software so you can mine Bitcoin. There are a number of different mining programs to choose from. Two of the most popular are CGminer and BFGminer. These are both command-line programs, so if you aren't particularly tech-savvy, they may present a challenge for you.[11]
    Mine Bitcoins Step 10.jpg
    • Most of the mining software that works on Windows will also work on Mac OS X machines.
    • EasyMiner has a graphical interface that is more intuitive and easier to use, especially if you're a beginner with limited computer skills. EasyMiner works on Windows, Linux, and Android machines. As of 2019, EasyMiner does not have a Mac OS X version.
  5. Join a mining pool. Mining pools are groups of miners that pool their hashing power to mine Bitcoin more quickly. A pool enables you to compete with massive mining conglomerates that have mining farms with tremendous hashing power. You don't need to pay anything up front to join a mining pool. Instead, the pool takes a percentage of the Bitcoin mined (typically between 1 and 2 percent).[12]
    Mine Bitcoins Step 11.jpg
    • BitMinter, CK Pool, and Slush Pool are some popular, successful, and well-established mining pools.
    • Without a mining pool, you would have to mine potentially for years before you'd see any profit. With a large pool, it's possible that you could start earning Bitcoin within a few months.
  6. Configure your miner to work in your mining pool. Once you've chosen your mining pool and set up a worker account, access your ASIC miner configuration screen and enter the IP address for your mining pool. Then enter the worker name and password you created for the mining pool. When you've entered this information, save your settings.[13]
    Mine Bitcoins Step 12.jpg
    • As soon as you save your settings, your miner will start working in your mining pool. You can go to your mining pool account to see your status and evaluate your miner's performance. However, keep in mind it may take up to an hour for your mining pool to display your miner's hashing rate.
  7. Transfer any Bitcoin you mine to your secure wallet. As you mine Bitcoin, it will show up in your mining pool account. Your mining pool may have a monthly or quarterly payout schedule, or you may be responsible for manually moving your Bitcoin from your account to your wallet.[14]
    Mine Bitcoins Step 13.jpg
    • Some mining pools may only allow you to transfer Bitcoin to your wallet once you have a certain amount, typically around 0.001 BTC. You may be able to withdraw smaller amounts for a fee.[15]


  • Avoid buying a used ASIC miner. They are prone to burnout, and may not last long enough for you to make any profit.
  • Cryptocurrencies are volatile. The market value of Bitcoin can and does change frequently. Don't invest any more money in Bitcoin than you can afford to lose.
  • Don't try to mine Bitcoin using your own CPU or GPU. While this used to be possible, the blockchain is far too advanced now for this to be a viable option. You'll end up spending more on electricity than you make in Bitcoin, and will likely burn out your computer equipment.[16]

[Edit]Related wikiHows


[Edit]Quick Summary

How to Avoid Ear Pain During a Flight

Posted: 30 Jan 2020 12:00 AM PST

Ear pain is a common and unpleasant experience for airplane travelers. You may experience pain, stuffiness, or discomfort in your ears during takeoff and landing, when rapid changes in altitude cause an imbalance between the air pressure in the cabin and the air pressure inside your ears. Fortunately, you can protect your ears during the flight by swallowing frequently and using special breathing techniques to clear your ears. Flying while congested can make pain due to pressure changes worse, but you can minimize this problem by taking a few simple precautions before your flight.


[Edit]Equalizing the Pressure in Your Ears

  1. Yawn and swallow to clear your ears during descent and ascent. The actions of yawning and swallowing can open up your eustachian tubes, helping to equalize the pressure in your ears. During takeoff and landing, yawn and swallow any time you feel pressure building up in your ears.[1]
    Avoid Ear Pain During a Flight Step 1.jpg
    • Chewing gum, sucking on candy, or drinking through a straw can help you swallow.
  2. Get your child to drink or suck on a pacifier at takeoff and landing. This will help equalize the pressure in your child's ears and eustachian tubes. Let an older child sip on a bottle of water or a juice. If you're flying with a baby, give them a bottle or their pacifier.
    Avoid Ear Pain During a Flight Step 2.jpg
    • This is the easiest way to prevent ear pain in your child.
  3. Try the Valsalva maneuver to equalize the pressure in your ears. If your ears start to feel clogged or painful during takeoff or landing, pinch your nose shut and close your mouth. Blow gently through your nostrils, as if you were trying to blow your nose. You may need to do this several times. This technique will help equalize the pressure between your ears and the outside air.[2]
    Avoid Ear Pain During a Flight Step 3.jpg
  4. Use filtered earplugs to balance the air pressure in your ears. Filtered earplugs can help regulate the pressure in your ears during takeoff and landing, preventing ear pain.[3] Look for earplugs specifically designed for use on planes, such as EarPlanes. For best results, put the earplugs in an hour before you take off and take them out right after you land.[4]
    Avoid Ear Pain During a Flight Step 4.jpg
    • You can purchase filtered ear plugs in a pharmacy or at an airline gift shop. If you're traveling with kids, look for child-sized earplugs.
    • Before you put in the earplugs, pinch your nose shut and gently blow through your nostrils to clear your ears.
  5. Stay awake during takeoff and landing so you can monitor your ears. If you nod off during ascent or descent, you may not notice that your ears are becoming clogged until the problem becomes painfully severe. Try to do your sleeping while the plane is cruising so that you can be awake to protect your ears during takeoff and landing.[5]
    Avoid Ear Pain During a Flight Step 5.jpg
    • If you're travelling with a companion, ask them to wake you before the plane lands or if you fall asleep during takeoff.

[Edit]Using Medication to Prevent Ear Pain

  1. Use a nasal spray 30 minutes before flying if you're congested. Nasal congestion can make it harder to equalize the pressure between your ears and the outside air. If you're already congested or concerned about getting congested during the flight, get an over-the-counter nasal spray and use it 30 minutes to 1 hour before you take off. Use it again before you land.[6]
    Avoid Ear Pain During a Flight Step 6.jpg
    • Before takeoff and right after landing, administer 1-2 drops of your nasal decongestant to each nostril.
    • Try not to use your nasal spray often in the days leading up to the flight. Using a decongestant spray for several days in a row can actually make your congestion worse.
  2. Try oral decongestants if your doctor recommends it. If you have to fly while you're congested, ask your doctor about using an oral decongestant medication. Take the medication 30 minutes to 1 hour before takeoff for maximum effectiveness.[7]
    Avoid Ear Pain During a Flight Step 7.jpg
    • Your doctor may recommend against taking oral decongestants if you have certain health conditions, such as heart disease, high blood pressure, pregnancy, or an enlarged prostate.
    • Let your doctor know if you are taking any other medications that might interact with the decongestant.
  3. Take allergy medications an hour before flying if necessary. If you have allergies, managing them with medication before you fly can help prevent ear pain.[8] Keep in mind that some medications (such as Claritin) may take a little longer than others to start working, so try to time your dose accordingly.[9]
    Avoid Ear Pain During a Flight Step 8.jpg
    • Antihistamine medications are a good option for preventing in-flight ear pain related to allergy congestion.[10]
  4. Look into rescheduling your flight if you're really sick. Flying when you have a severe cold, sinus infection, or ear infection can be a miserable experience. It also puts you at increased risk of severe ear pain and other complications of airplane ear, such as vertigo, hearing loss, or ruptured eardrums. If you're very sick or congested, consider postponing your flight until after you feel better.[11]
    Avoid Ear Pain During a Flight Step 9.jpg
    • Some airlines may waive flight cancellation or rescheduling fees if you can provide a doctor's note.[12]
    • If you're being treated for an ear infection or have recently had ear surgery, ask your doctor if it's safe for you to fly.
  5. Ask a doctor about medicated eardrops to prevent ear pain in kids. If you're flying with small children, talk to your pediatrician ahead of time. They may be able to prescribe eardrops containing numbing agents or pain relievers for your child.[13]
    Avoid Ear Pain During a Flight Step 10.jpg
    • Because their eustachian tubes are smaller than those of adults, children are especially prone to ear pain on planes.


  • If you fly frequently and suffer from severe airplane ear, ask your doctor about getting tubes implanted in your ears. This surgical procedure can improve drainage in your ears and help balance the pressure between your outer and middle ear.[14]
  • Flight-related ear pain usually goes away on its own or with a little basic self-care. However, in rare cases, it can last for a long time or cause serious complications. See a doctor if your ear pain lasts longer than a few hours or if you experience severe symptoms, such as extreme ear pain, hearing loss, bleeding from your ears, vertigo, or ringing in your ears (tinnitus).[15]