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Saturday, January 25, 2020

How to of the Day

How to of the Day

How to Clean Your Hair Without Water

Posted: 25 Jan 2020 04:00 PM PST

Whether you don't have access to a sink or shower or you just need a quick clean, there are several ways to help clean your hair without using water. Sprinkle baby powder on your hair to absorb the oil, or dab your hair with rubbing alcohol to dry out greasy locks. Dry shampoo is always a great alternative to washing your hair when you're in a pinch, too. If you don't have access to any of these fixes, try hiding your dirty hair by styling it with something like a headband, ponytail, or braids.


[Edit]Absorbing Oil and Dirt in Your Hair

  1. Sprinkle your hair with baby powder to absorb oil on your roots. If you happen to have baby powder at home, this is a great way to mask extra oil and grime in your hair without washing it. Either sprinkle the baby powder right onto your roots, or use a clean makeup brush to swipe it over your roots instead. Wait a couple minutes before massaging it into your hair.[1]
    Clean Your Hair Without Water Step 1.jpg
    • Apply the baby powder using 2-3 shakes to avoid sprinkling too much on your hair. If your hair is longer or super thick, you may need 3-5 shakes of the container to cover your hair.
  2. Spray dry shampoo on your hair for a quick fix. Dry shampoo is great for absorbing oil when you don't have time to wash your hair thoroughly. Spray the dry shampoo at least away from your head and let it sit for a few minutes before massaging it into your hair.[2]
    Clean Your Hair Without Water Step 2.jpg
    • Brush through your hair after you've let the dry shampoo sit to help distribute it evenly throughout your hair.
    • Look for dry shampoo in your favorite brand or scent at your local grocery or big box store.
  3. Apply rubbing alcohol to your roots to fix greasy hair. Soak a cotton ball in rubbing alcohol and dab it onto your roots gently. The rubbing alcohol will help soak up any oil and grease so that your hair looks cleaner.[3]
    Clean Your Hair Without Water Step 3.jpg
    • Alcohol dries out your hair, so use a leave-in conditioner on your hair after using this method to add moisture back to your hair.
  4. Try out a foam shampoo for a more thorough cleaning. Foam shampoos are known for helping clean dirty hair instead of just absorbing excess oil. Apply the foam shampoo to dry hair and watch it foam up, using as much as is recommended on the bottle. Use a clean towel to wipe the foam off of your hair to reveal cleaner locks without using water.[4]
    Clean Your Hair Without Water Step 4.jpg
    • Foam shampoos are great for people with curly hair because it enhances your natural texture.
    • Look for a foam shampoo at your local big box store or online.
  5. Dab blotting paper over your hair to absorb oil quickly. The same blotting papers you might use to absorb oil on your face can be used to absorb the oil in your hair as well. Take a blotting paper and dab it on your hair starting at your roots to absorb the oil, using multiple papers if necessary.[5]
    Clean Your Hair Without Water Step 5.jpg
    • Blotting papers can be found at your local drugstore, grocery store, or big box store.
  6. Mix cornstarch with cocoa powder together as a dry shampoo alternative. The cornstarch will absorb oils and unwanted scents from your hair, while the cocoa powder can be mixed in if you have darker hair so the starch doesn't stand out as much. Combine of cornstarch with of cocoa powder. Mix them together thoroughly before sprinkling it over your roots.[6]
    Clean Your Hair Without Water Step 6.jpg
    • For an easy sprinkling process, mix the two ingredients in a jar and poke holes in the top for the mixture to come out.
  7. Massage arrowroot into your hair for a natural oil absorbent. Start with of powder or a little less, sprinkling it into your palm. Massage the arrowroot powder into your hair starting at your roots and working your way down the length of your hair to absorb the oil.[7]
    Clean Your Hair Without Water Step 7.jpg
    • You can find arrowroot at some local grocery stores, in big box stores, or online.
    • It's best to use a damp washcloth to remove the excess powder by swiping the washcloth or towel over your hair.
  8. Swipe a dryer sheet over your hair to clean it while adding freshness. You might have used a dryer sheet to get rid of static in your hair before, but it can also be used to revive your hair if it hasn't been washed in a while. Rub a new dryer sheet over your hair gently, or press it down into a brush and brush over your hair to ensure each strand is swiped by the dryer sheet.[8]
    Clean Your Hair Without Water Step 8.jpg
    • The dryer sheet will leave your hair smelling fresher.

[Edit]Styling Your Hair to Hide Oil

  1. Tie your hair up in a ponytail to get dirty hair out of your face. If you're tired of your oily hair hanging down around your face, brush through it a couple times before pulling it into a ponytail. Since your hair is greasy, it'll be easier to get a smooth ponytail, and you can even add a colorful scrunchie to finish off the look.[9]
    Clean Your Hair Without Water Step 9.jpg
    • Pull your hair into a high ponytail or one right at the back of your head.
  2. Use a headband to hide your dirty roots. If you're pressed for time and need a quick fix, throw on a headband that matches your outfit. This will make your hair look styled while keeping your dirty hair out of your face.[10]
    Clean Your Hair Without Water Step 10.jpg
    • Pick out a plastic headband with teeth to keep your hair pulled back, or opt for a fabric headband to hide more of your hair.
  3. Clip back your hair into a twist to hide stringy hair. If you have dirty strands of hair near your face and want them out of the way, create a twist with the front section of each side. Use a barrette or bobby pin to clip back each of these two sections, keeping stringy, oily hair out of your face.[11]
    Clean Your Hair Without Water Step 11.jpg
    • Create the twist as long or as short as you'd like, making sure it's secured by a pin so it doesn't come loose.
  4. Put your hair up in a half bun for a stylish fix. Pull back the top layer of your hair into a bun on top of your head, securing it with an elastic or hair tie. This will help hide dirty roots and keep your hair out of your face so it doesn't get even dirtier.[12]
    Clean Your Hair Without Water Step 12.jpg
    • If your hair still looks stringy after putting half of it up in a bun, consider throwing all of your hair into a simple bun on top of your head.
  5. Braid your hair to disguise dirty hair completely. Create two Dutch braids in your hair, French braid your hair, or even make one simple braid going down the back of your head. The tighter the braid you create, the better you'll hide any greasy or oily locks of hair.[13]
    Clean Your Hair Without Water Step 13.jpg
    • Brush through your hair before braiding it to ensure your braids are sleek and unknotted.
    • Secure your braids with small hair ties so they don't come undone.
  6. Wear a hat to cover up your hair if it's too short to be styled. If you don't have time to style your hair or your hair is super short, throw on your favorite hat to cover up greasy roots. This could be a baseball cap, beret, beanie, or even a bandana to cover the top of your head.[14]
    Clean Your Hair Without Water Step 14.jpg
    • Choose a hat that matches the colors in your outfit.


How to Give Effective Feedback to Your Students

Posted: 25 Jan 2020 08:00 AM PST

Feedback is one of the best ways to help students learn. Even if you're a veteran teacher, you might be looking for ways to make your feedback more effective. There are ways to do this for students of all ages, no matter what subject you teach. You can use a lot of the same techniques for both verbal and written feedback. For example, it should always be timely and constructive. You can tailor your feedback to help students achieve their goals, which will make you an even better educator!


[Edit]Providing Helpful Written Feedback

  1. Return assignments promptly so that students can implement feedback. Give students their graded assignments as soon as you can compose your feedback. This will ensure that the assignment is still fresh in their mind. Prompt feedback is likely to make more of an impact than feedback that is submitted long after the assignment was due.[1]
    Give Effective Feedback to Your Students Step 1.jpg
    • How quickly you can provide feedback will vary on the assignment and how many students you have. For short assignments, try to provide feedback in a day or 2. If it is a longer paper, a week is considered appropriate.
    • If you have a large class, start grading early and break your grading into pieces. Don't try to sit down and grade 70 papers at once! You'll likely lose your concentration (or patience) and your feedback won't be as effective. Start working on grading right after you get your students' assignments, but only do a little at a time.
  2. Write for the level of the individual student. Make sure that the student can understand your comments by tailoring them to the individual. For example, if you are teaching an introduction to business class, don't assume that students are experts in the field. Avoid using jargon or terms that they haven't learned yet.[2]
    Give Effective Feedback to Your Students Step 2.jpg
    • Make sure that the comments are appropriate for the grade level. For a 5th grader, write something like, "You've done a great job clearly labeling your posters for your science project. In the future, I'd like you to work on writing in complete sentences. For example, instead of "More recycling," you could write, "If more people recycle, the planet will be in better shape." For a senior in high school, you could write, "You've clearly stated your thesis. However, you need to cite the sources you've used to support your argument. Please search online for Chicago Manual of Style guidelines. Let me know if you need help formatting footnotes."
    • If English is not the student's first language, you might need to use a more basic vocabulary than you otherwise would.
  3. Start with positive comments to encourage students. Offer some praise or encouragement at the beginning of your feedback. If you start on a negative note, students might get discouraged and not finish reading your comments. Also, find something positive about the student's work to help make your feedback sound constructive.[3]
    Give Effective Feedback to Your Students Step 3.jpg
    • You could write, "This is a real improvement from your last test! I can tell you spent a lot of time reviewing the information."
    • Try something like, "The example about your grandmother in the introduction really personalizes your story. Great job!"
  4. Be concise and direct to avoid overwhelming students. Write feedback that is clear and to the point. Instead of writing several sentences, try using bullet points and write no more than 1 or 2 sentences per point. Students might find that style easier to understand. Try writing points like:[4]
    Give Effective Feedback to Your Students Step 4.jpg
    • "Great example in your introduction."
    • "Make sure thesis is in intro., not later in the paper."
    • Start by talking about the origins of the Civil War in your first paragraph."
    • "Use more than 1 example to illustrate your point."
    • "Good improvement from last assignment."
  5. Use specific examples to help students understand your point. Avoid vague statements like "Interesting!" or "Good job!" Instead, clarify what exactly you are commenting on. Point to a specific example in the assignment to make your point clear.[5]
    Give Effective Feedback to Your Students Step 5.jpg
    • You could note, "The topic sentence does not relate to the other sentence in the paragraph. Try writing more sentences about the main topic, which is how to recycle at home."

[Edit]Offering Useful Verbal Feedback

  1. Use oral feedback if it is extensive or if the student doesn't read well. Verbal feedback is effective because you can explain exactly what you mean to your students. If you need to give extensive feedback, do so face-to-face. This will help the student connect with what you're saying, and help them to not feel overwhelmed.[6]
    Give Effective Feedback to Your Students Step 6.jpg
    • Try verbal feedback with younger students or students who have trouble retaining written information. That way, you can answer any questions immediately.
    • Stick to a few key points so that students don't become overwhelmed. You can always schedule another meeting if you need to go over additional information.
  2. Provide students with verbal feedback as soon as possible so they remain engaged. Don't wait several days or even weeks to talk to your students. Instead, ask them to talk to you as soon as you return the assignment. If you teach college, invite the student to your office hours.[7]
    Give Effective Feedback to Your Students Step 7.jpg
    • If you teach younger students, ask them to hang back before going to lunch or to visit your classroom before or after school.
  3. Try to give verbal feedback in a one-on-one setting for privacy. Respect your students' privacy by choosing a quiet space for feedback. You don't want them to feel embarrassed if you need to give them some constructive criticism.[8]
    Give Effective Feedback to Your Students Step 8.jpg
    • Ask the student to meet with you after class, or come in early the next day.
    • If possible, try to meet individually with each of your students to discuss their progress on a major assignment. This will give the student a chance to ask questions. You can also use this opportunity to identify any issues the student might be having and offer details about your expectations.
  4. Smile as you speak to encourage students. Your face can be very expressive. A smile can help put students at ease. Take note of your facial expressions when giving feedback so that you don't convey negativity. Don't frown at the student, even if you're frustrated with their performance.[9]
    Give Effective Feedback to Your Students Step 9.jpg
    • You can also nod to show your encouragement.
  5. Ask the student to take notes to help retain feedback. If you are giving a lot of feedback, suggest that the student jot down your main points. That way, they can refer back to the feedback at a later time. This will help them apply your comments to future assignments.[10]
    Give Effective Feedback to Your Students Step 10.jpg
    • You can also write down your main points and then go over them together in your individual meeting.

[Edit]Helping Students Improve through Feedback

  1. Make feedback ongoing so that students can implement it. Follow up with students to make sure that they are applying your feedback. For example, if you told them to use better sources, check in with them before the next paper is due.[11]
    Give Effective Feedback to Your Students Step 11.jpg
    • You could say, "I wanted to make sure you understood what I said about better source use. Here's an article about how to identify good online sources. Please look this over and let me know if you have questions."
  2. Focus on building key skills to make feedback more applicable. It's tempting to nitpick over small errors. However, you can help your students more by working on big issues first. You can go back and fix small issues later.[12]
    Give Effective Feedback to Your Students Step 12.jpg
    • For example, maybe your student has a poorly written book report. Instead of focusing first on poor grammar, help your student learn to more clearly express their ideas and organize their thoughts.
  3. Allow students to respond to feedback to feel involved. Let your students know that you are happy to answer any questions that they have. Announce to the class that you are willing to answer general questions. You can also tell your students that you're happy to talk to them individually about the feedback.[13]
    Give Effective Feedback to Your Students Step 13.jpg
    • You could say, "Does anyone have questions about the criteria I used to grade these papers? I'm happy to explain further. I'm also available to talk to you after class."
  4. Provide students with resources to help them improve. Sometimes students might need more help than you can give them. If a student is really struggling, direct them to someone else who can help, too. If a student suffers from test anxiety, encourage them to visit the school counselor.[14]
    Give Effective Feedback to Your Students Step 14.jpg
    • If a student needs a lot of extra help, see if you can arrange for them to have a tutor.


  • Review your feedback before giving it to students to make sure it is clear.
  • Remind students that you are giving feedback to help them learn, not to help criticize.
  • Tailor your feedback to the individual student.


How to Make All Natural Face Masks

Posted: 25 Jan 2020 12:00 AM PST

Face masks are a great way to address a variety of skin issues, like acne and dryness.[1] Natural, homemade face masks take already beloved foods and instead use them for cosmetic benefits. While your mask might depend on what ingredients you have lying around your pantry and refrigerator, there's no shortage of options. Figure out what your skin needs and create an all-natural mask to pamper those issues away!


[Edit]Hydrating and Exfoliating Your Skin

  1. Mix avocado and honey to help hydrate dry skin. Slice an avocado in half and remove the central pit. Scoop out one half of the avocado and place it in a small bowl, along with of honey and a fistful of oats. Mash and stir the avocado with the other ingredients until they form a paste, which you can rub onto your face with your fingertips.[2]
    Make All Natural Face Masks Step 1 Version 2.jpg
    • Put the avocado mixture on the driest parts of your face first. Continue spreading the avocado paste around until your entire face is covered.
    • Keep the mask on for at least 10 minutes, then rinse it off with water.[3]
  2. Use lemon and olive oil to exfoliate and hydrate your skin in one go. Accomplish 2 things at once by mixing together one lemon's worth of juice with of olive oil in a small bowl. Stir the ingredients together until they're thoroughly mixed before spreading the oil mixture onto your face. Use your fingertips to apply the mask in parts. Use short, circular motions as you rub the mask into your skin—this makes the exfoliating process more effective.[4]
    Make All Natural Face Masks Step 2 Version 2.jpg
    • Try almond oil if you'd prefer not to use olive.
    • Let the oil mixture soak into your skin for around 10-20 minutes before washing it off with cool water.
  3. Scrub off dead skin with a mix of brown sugar and coconut oil. Combine 2 tbsp (25 g) of brown sugar with of coconut oil and mix them together thoroughly. Use the tips of your fingers to dip into the brown sugar mixture and apply it over your skin. Apply it in circular motions to exfoliate any dead skin cells from your face. For maximum effect, let the mask sit for a few minutes before rinsing it off with warm water.[5]
    Make All Natural Face Masks Step 3 Version 2.jpg
    • This mask is especially good for people with dry skin.

[Edit]Creating Smooth and Even Skin

  1. Add orange juice to a mashed banana for glowing skin. Peel and banana and slice it in half. Place one half of the banana into a small bowl and mash it with a fork before adding of honey and orange juice. Apply the mixture directly to your face with your fingers, covering all portions of your skin. Leave the mask on your face for around 15 minutes before washing it away with lukewarm tap water.[6]
    Make All Natural Face Masks Step 4 Version 2.jpg
    • Don't worry if the mask seems lumpy, as that's an inevitability of working with bananas.
    • The best part of this mask is that it's great for any type of skin.
  2. Combine papaya and honey to even out your pigmentation. Balance out your skin by mixing and ½ cup (115 g) of mashed papaya together in a small bowl. Continue stirring until the mixture is smooth and can easily be applied to your face. Scoop some of the mask mixture onto your fingertips and rub it all over your face. After you've finished applying the mask, let it sit for 15-20 minutes before you rinse it off with cool water.[7]
    Make All Natural Face Masks Step 5 Version 2.jpg
    • Make sure you apply the mixture to dark spots on your face.
  3. Combine yogurt and honey if you're aiming for smoother skin. Stir of plain, unflavored yogurt with of honey and 1 tbsp (6 g) of turmeric. Mix these ingredients together thoroughly until they create a consistent mixture. Scoop some of the mask onto your fingertips and gently rub it over your skin so it covers all parts of your face.[8] Feel free to leave the mask on for around 10-20 minutes before washing it off with cool water.[9]
    Make All Natural Face Masks Step 6 Version 2.jpg
    • This mask is great if you're aiming for smooth, soft skin.

[Edit]Achieving Softer and Clearer Skin

  1. Achieve softer skin with a mask of strawberries and yogurt. Trim the stems off of 4-5 ripe strawberries and mash them up in a bowl. Mix 3 tbsp (21 g) of ground almond powder into the strawberries, along with of plain yogurt. Use a spoon to mix the ingredients together. Apply the mask all over your face with your fingertips, and let it sit for at least 10 minutes before rinsing it off.[10]
    Make All Natural Face Masks Step 7 Version 2.jpg
    • After making this face mask, be sure to apply it within a day, or else the ingredients might go bad. If you plan on applying this mask later in the day, be sure to refrigerate the mixture.
  2. Stir orange juice and egg whites together to shrink your pores. Separate an egg white from the yolk and dump it into a small bowl. Add of orange juice along with ½ tsp (1 g) of turmeric powder. Beat the egg whites, juice, and powder together until they form a liquid mixture. Use the tips of your fingers to spread ample amounts of the mixture all over your face. Let the mask sit for 15 minutes before rinsing it off with cold water.[11]
    Make All Natural Face Masks Step 8 Version 2.jpg
    • Turmeric is useful because it helps to brighten portions of your skin that look uneven.
  3. Blend cucumber and yogurt together to soothe your skin. Peel the cucumber and slice it into thin, circular pieces. Next, place these slices in a blender along with of plain, unflavored yogurt. Purée the ingredients until they're thoroughly mixed, then pour them into a smaller bowl for easier application. Use your fingertips to rub the mask mixture all over your face, and let it sit for at least 15 minutes before washing it off with cold water.[12]
    Make All Natural Face Masks Step 9 Version 2.jpg
    • Refrigerate any of the leftover mask mixture in an airtight container. Enjoy using this mask for up to a week!
  4. Get rid of blemishes with a honey and chamomile mask. Use 2 bags to prepare a cup of chamomile tea. After the tea cools, pour at least of tea into a small bowl of of raw honey and 1 tsp (6 grams) of (nutritional) yeast powder. Stir the ingredients to ensure that the mixture is thick enough to apply to your face. After rubbing it onto your face with the tips of your fingers, let it soak into your skin for about 20 minutes. When you're ready to remove the mask, wash it off with cool water.[13]
    Make All Natural Face Masks Step 10 Version 2.jpg
    • If you'd prefer a spicier route, mix of honey with 1 tsp (2.64 g) of cinnamon instead.[14]

[Edit]Things You'll Need

[Edit]Hydrating and Exfoliating Your Skin

  • Avocado
  • Lemon
  • Honey
  • Olive oil
  • Brown sugar
  • Coconut oil
  • Small bowl
  • Spoon

[Edit]Creating Smooth and Even Skin

  • Orange juice
  • Banana, mashed
  • Honey
  • Papaya
  • Yogurt
  • Turmeric powder
  • Small bowl
  • Spoon

[Edit]Achieving Softer and Clearer Skin

  • Strawberries
  • Yogurt
  • Almond powder
  • Orange juice
  • Egg whites
  • Turmeric powder
  • Cucumber
  • Honey
  • Chamomile tea
  • Cinnamon (optional)
  • Small bowl
  • Spoon
  • Blender

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