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Friday, January 17, 2020

How to of the Day

How to of the Day

How to Clean a Velvet Sofa

Posted: 17 Jan 2020 04:00 PM PST

Cleaning a velvet sofa is easy and will keep the fabric looking fresh and brand new. To clean liquid spills that haven't dried yet, use a clean cloth to blot the area dry. Gently rub dried stains with soap and water before air drying your sofa and brushing the velvet to restore the fabric. To clean your entire couch, vacuum it with a handheld vacuum or hose attachment. Once it's clean, use a fabric protector to keep future stains and spills from damaging the fabric.


[Edit]Vacuuming Your Sofa

  1. Vacuum your sofa at least once a month to keep dirt from building up. Regularly vacuuming your sofa is the best way to ensure that surface contaminants don't work their way into the fabric as people sit or lay down on your furniture. Vacuum your sofa with a handheld vacuum or hose attachment at least once a month to ensure that your sofa stays clean and comfortable.[1]
    Clean a Velvet Sofa Step 1.jpg
    • It won't take more than 5-10 minutes to vacuum your sofa. This is a small price to pay for an elegant piece of furniture!
  2. Use a soft-bristled brush to knock dust and dirt up. Before vacuuming your sofa, grab a soft-bristled brush or clothing brush. Remove any pillows or blankets from your sofa. Start on one end of the sofa and gently brush in long, even strokes. Cover each section of your sofa 2-3 times to knock up any dust, dirt, or grime that is hiding in your fabric.[2]
    Clean a Velvet Sofa Step 2.jpg
  3. Vacuum your sofa using a hand vacuum or hose. Attach the fabric bristles to your hose or hand vacuum. Turn the vacuum on its lowest setting. Start on one end of your sofa and run the vacuum or hose across each pillow by working in vertical or horizontal strips. Move the vacuum in the same direction with each motion to ensure that your fabric is lifted the same way with each stroke. Vacuum the sides of the frame and the top of the pillows and frame to remove all of the dust, dirt, or crumbs.[3]
    Clean a Velvet Sofa Step 3.jpg
    • Lift your pillows out and vacuum behind them to remove the crumbs or dust that's hiding behind the cushions.

[Edit]Removing Stains and Spot-Cleaning

  1. Address stains, spills, or dirt as soon as you notice them. To avoid stains from setting into your velvet furniture, clean them as soon as you spot them. The longer that you allow a contaminant or liquid to sit on your furniture, the more likely it is to stain or permanently damage your velvet.[4]
    Clean a Velvet Sofa Step 4.jpg
  2. Blot wet spills dry with a clean cloth until they disappear. If a liquid has been spilled on your velvet, grab a clean, dry cloth. Take your cloth to the affected area and blot the area repeatedly. Tap it gently with the cloth to soak up the excess liquid. When a section of your cloth gets damp, move the cloth around in your hand until you find a dry section. Continue doing this until the spill is completely dried out.[5]
    Clean a Velvet Sofa Step 5.jpg
    • Avoid rubbing the cloth. Moving your cloth back and forth may work the liquid deeper into the fabric.
    • You can use paper towels instead of a dry cloth if you prefer, but if the paper towels aren't highly absorbent, you'll need to use a lot of them.
  3. Mix a little soap with water to clean dried stains. If your liquid spill leaves a mark behind after it dries or you notice a dried stain on your sofa, clean it with soap and water. Grab a bowl and fill it with of lukewarm water. Then, add a few drops of unscented dish soap to the water and mix the solution with a spoon until soap bubbles form on the surface of the water.[6]
    Clean a Velvet Sofa Step 6.jpg
  4. Spot test your cleaning solution in an inconspicuous area. Take a clean, microfiber cloth and dip it in your soap and water. Then, tap the cloth on an area of your couch that guests can't see. The section underneath the sofa is best, but you can test it behind the sofa if your furniture is resting against the wall. Tap the velvet with your damp cloth 4-5 times and wait 1-2 minutes to see if the soap damages or stains your fabric.[7]
    Clean a Velvet Sofa Step 7.jpg
    • If the soap and water changes the color of your fabric, your fabric is probably slub or antique velvet. These types of velvet cannot be cleaned with liquid cleaning products. Contact a professional cleaning service to clean these types of velvet.
  5. Rub the stained fabric with your cloth using smooth, gentle strokes. Take your cloth and dip it in the soap and water. Wring it over the bowl to remove the excess water and soap. Then, rub your stained area using gentle taps and soft strokes. Rub the entire area repeatedly until you've covered the area 3-4 times.[8]
    Clean a Velvet Sofa Step 8.jpg
    • You don't want to soak your sofa, but you do need to get the entire area a little damp to let the soap remove the stain.
  6. Allow the cleaned area to air dry for 30-60 minutes. If you can, open the window and turn a few fans on to keep the room well-ventilated. Wait at least 30 minutes to give the soap and water time to air out. Once the area looks dry, touch it lightly with the pad of your finger. If it's still damp, continue to let the area air dry.[9]
    Clean a Velvet Sofa Step 9.jpg
    • Wait until the fabric is totally dry before brushing or sitting on your sofa.
  7. Scrub the area you cleaned with a soft-bristled brush to restore the velvet. Grab a soft-bristled brush or clothing brush. Gently brush the dried area using short, flicking motions. This will restore the plushy look of the fabric. Continue brushing the area until the stain looks like it is entirely gone and the velvet is in its original condition.[10]
    Clean a Velvet Sofa Step 10.jpg
    • If the stain is still visible after brushing it, repeat this process until the stain is entirely gone. You may not be able to remove the stain if it has fully settled into the fabric, though.

[Edit]Protecting Your Sofa

  1. Check your sofa's tag to see if it has already been treated. Look underneath the sofa and underneath the cushions to find the sofa's tag. Inspect the tag carefully to see if the velvet has been treated before or not. If it has been waterproofed or treated, consult the manufacturer to see if additional fabric protectors will ruin the sofa.[11]
    Clean a Velvet Sofa Step 11.jpg
  2. Get a fabric or upholstery protector designed for velvet. You can purchase a can of fabric protector at a local home goods or big box store. Read the label on a can of fabric protector to see if it is designed to protect fabric. Get a waterproofing fabric protector if you want to completely prevent liquid spills from damaging your sofa in the future. Get a standard fabric protector if you don't want to change the feel of your velvet.[12]
    Clean a Velvet Sofa Step 12.jpg
    • A non-waterproof fabric protector will make your sofa easier to clean and keep it feeling soft.
    • A waterproof fabric protector will prevent liquids from immediately soaking into your fabric, but it isn't a foolproof fix for liquid spills. Waterproofing aerosol sprays may change the feel of your velvet as well.
  3. Test your protector in an inconspicuous area to make sure it's safe. Once you bring your fabric protector home, read the instructions on the label carefully to see if there are any special steps that you need to take. Then, take the fabric protector and spray it underneath or behind your sofa to test it. Wait 5-10 minutes to see if it damages your fabric or modifies the color.[13]
    Clean a Velvet Sofa Step 13.jpg
    • If your fabric protector changes the color of your sofa or damages the fabric, you cannot use it to protect your furniture. Contact a professional cleaning service to find out how they can waterproof your sofa.
  4. Mist your sofa with the fabric protector to preserve the fabric. Velvet doesn't do well when soaked, so instead of spraying your protector directly into the fabric, mist it by spraying more than away from the surface of the sofa. Press the nozzle or pull the trigger repeatedly while moving the container across the surface of your sofa. Mist each section 3-4 times to apply your fabric protector.[14]
    Clean a Velvet Sofa Step 14.jpg
    • If your sofa is in a corner or against a wall, pull it away from the wall before applying your fabric protector.
  5. Wait 1-2 hours to give your fabric protector time to dry. To give the protector time to work into the fabric, wait at least 1 hour to give it time to dry. Crack a window open or turn the fan on to keep the room well-ventilated while it dries.
    Clean a Velvet Sofa Step 15.jpg
    • If your sofa still feels a little damp when you go to check it, let it dry for an additional hour.
  6. Keep your sofa out of direct sunlight to preserve it. Direct sunlight can cause your velvet's color to fade over time. To keep the sofa looking new and beautiful, move your furniture so that you sofa isn't sitting directly in front of a sunny window.[15]
    Clean a Velvet Sofa Step 16.jpg
    • This is particularly important if your velvet is a brighter color, like blue, red, or purple.


  • Get your velvet furniture professionally cleaned every 2-3 years. This will keep it comfortable and clean.

[Edit]Things You'll Need

[Edit]Removing Stains and Spot-Cleaning

  • Bowl
  • Water
  • Soap
  • Cloth
  • Soft-bristled brush

[Edit]Vacuuming Your Sofa

  • Soft-bristled brush
  • Vacuum

[Edit]Protecting Your Sofa

  • Fabric protector


How to Come Out As Nonbinary

Posted: 17 Jan 2020 08:00 AM PST

If you're nonbinary, you might be ready to share that information with some people in your life. The coming out process is different for everyone, so take some time to think about what you want to share. If you're feeling scared or nervous, remember that you can choose who you tell, how you tell them, and when you share your identity with them. The most important thing is your comfort, so above all make sure you do what feels right to you.


[Edit]Choosing a Process That Feels Comfortable to You

  1. Try writing down what you want people to know before starting the conversation. It's totally normal to feel nervous before coming out. You can help calm your nerves and feel prepared by making a general outline of what you want to say, which you can then bring with you during the conversation. Then, if you're not sure what to say, refer back to your notes to keep the discussion focused on you and your identity. [1]
    Come Out As Nonbinary Step 1.jpg
    • A lot of people aren't familiar with what it means to be nonbinary. Try to think of some questions that they might ask. Jot down some answers so that you are ready to provide information.
    • For example, you might want to write down what being nonbinary means to you. That might mean identifying as gender fluid or gender neutral, for instance. Remember, this is different for everyone.
    • You might also write down whether or not you think coming out as nonbinary might impact your life. That's something that others might want to know. They might also ask if this will impact your relationship with them.
  2. Think about coming out to a friend or younger family member first. Younger people are more likely to be open-minded about sexuality and tend to be more progressive than older generations. If you're nervous about how some people might react, it might be easier to have that first conversation with someone that you feel really comfortable with. Ask a younger person that you trust if they have time to talk about something important to you.
    Come Out As Nonbinary Step 2.jpg
    • It can also be helpful to talk to someone who has experience coming out as LGBTQ+. They might have some good advice for you.
  3. Choose who you want to tell, and remember you don't have to come out to everyone at once. Who you come out to is your choice, so take some time to think about how you want to approach the situation. Do you want everyone to know? Are you more comfortable with the idea of having one-on-one conversations? If you're not sure, think about people in your life who are supportive, understanding, and open-minded, and try starting there. [2]
    Come Out As Nonbinary Step 3.jpg
  4. Pick a comfortable place and a convenient time. Choose a spot where you will feel comfortable having an important conversation. This might be your living room or a friend's house. Try to choose somewhere where you won't be interrupted, at a time where you think the other person will be able to devote their full attention to your conversation.[3]
    Come Out As Nonbinary Step 4.jpg
    • If you're worried about a negative reaction, you might feel more comfortable in a public place. Think about going to a quiet coffee shop to have your talk.
    • Ask the other person to pick a time that's good for them. You want to make sure they have time to talk and that they are able to give you their full attention. This might be a quick conversation, or you might end up talking for a while. Either way is fine.
  5. Make sure you feel safe before coming out. If you are concerned that someone will have a violent reaction to your news, it might not be a good time to come out. It's definitely okay to wait. For instance, if you depend on your parents for money or somewhere to live, think about whether you are risking your safety by coming out. [4]
    Come Out As Nonbinary Step 5.jpg
    • Think about waiting until you can support yourself before coming out if you think your parents might react negatively.
    • If you choose to come out under these circumstances have a back-up plan in place. For example, ask a friend if you can stay with them for a while if necessary. You could also save up some money if that would make you feel more secure.
    • You might also think about writing a letter if you are concerned about a negative reaction. That will give others time to process your news.[5]

[Edit]Having a Constructive Conversation

  1. Make your announcement clear and straightforward. Don't beat around the bush or try to have your audience guess what you're trying to say. Just state what you want to tell them right away.[6]
    Come Out As Nonbinary Step 6 Version 2.jpg
    • You might say, "Hey, Jane, I wanted to let you know that I am nonbinary. That means that I simply don't identify as male or female."
    • Maybe you also want to say something like, "I'm trusting you with this information, but it'd be great if you don't talk about it with others. This is my story to share, okay?"
    • You can choose to share more about your experience or feelings, or just leave it at that. What you share is completely up to you.
  2. Be ready to answer questions. Some people might not understand what nonbinary means. That's okay. Just try to be patient with them. If they ask questions, it's probably because they're trying to understand what you're telling them. Try to be patient and answer when you feel comfortable.[7]
    Come Out As Nonbinary Step 7.jpg
    • For example, people might ask you how you know, or what nonbinary means. You can tell them what it means to you. It's okay to keep your answer brief or to explain in detail, depending on how comfortable you feel at that moment. Keep in mind that you'll likely have other chances to talk to them about this, too.
    • They may also ask what pronouns you'd prefer to be referred by. Be honest, and let them know how you would like them to refer to you.
  3. Offer resources they can access if they're interested. Before you start the conversation, gather some resources on what it means to be nonbinary. There are lots out there! That way, you don't have to answer questions that you don't want to. You can simply direct the other person towards these resources.[8]
    Come Out As Nonbinary Step 8.jpg
    • Point them towards specific websites that have been helpful to you. You could also give them pamphlets or handouts from an LGBTQ+ community center. Another idea is to give them a book about what it means to identify as non-binary.
    • Some really helpful resources are The Trevor Project and PFLAG. If you're in school, you could also ask your guidance counselors for suggestions, if you feel comfortable talking to them about your identity.
  4. Allow people time to process what you've said. It's great if you are immediately met with support and kind words. However, if that doesn't happen right away, don't give up. Some people need time to process important information. Remember, it probably took some time for you to feel comfortable with your identity, too.[9]
    Come Out As Nonbinary Step 9.jpg
    • You could say, "You seem a little overwhelmed. Do you want to talk about this again later?"
  5. Try having a friend with you during the conversation. If you are anxious about coming out to a family member, it might help you feel comfortable to have a friend with you. This can be especially valuable if you're worried about a negative or potentially unsafe reaction.
    Come Out As Nonbinary Step 10.jpg
    • If you've already come out to a friend or younger family member, ask if they could be with you while you come out to others.
    • You can say, "It would might me feel a little less scared if you could be there when I talk to my dad. Would you mind sitting in on the conversation?"
  6. Consider putting a time limit on the conversation. Maybe you're worried that someone will ask you a ton of questions. Or maybe you just don't want to have a really lengthy conversation. That's fine! You can make your point, and then end the conversation whenever you're ready.
    Come Out As Nonbinary Step 11.jpg
    • Try saying, "I understand you have more questions. But this is really emotional for me and I need to be done for now. Okay?" Alternatively, you could say, "I'll talk for 10 more minutes, but then I really need to be done. Thanks."
  7. Walk away if the conversation is not healthy. If the person is yelling, saying rude things, or being otherwise aggressive, you don't have to stick around for that. Say, "I'm not comfortable with how this is going. Let me know if you'd like to talk more when you're calm."
    Come Out As Nonbinary Step 12.jpg
    • You can also tell the person that you're open to talking again when they calm down. But if you're not comfortable with that, that is okay too!

[Edit]Taking Care of Yourself

  1. Give yourself time to process your emotions. Coming out and choosing to live openly can be liberating, but it's also a really emotional process. Be patient with yourself and know that whatever you are feeling is okay. During the coming out process it is normal to feel:[10]
    Come Out As Nonbinary Step 13.jpg
    • Proud
    • Uncertain
    • Brave
    • Scared
    • Nervous
    • Relieved
  2. Ensure that you have people who will support you. Before you come out, it's a good idea to make sure that you have someone who you know will support you. This could be a friend or family member that you know you can count on. If you're ever feeling anxious or just down, you can ask them for help.[11]
    Come Out As Nonbinary Step 14.jpg
    • Don't be afraid to say something like, "I'm feeling really emotional today. Would you take a walk with me? I think some fresh air and company would make me feel better."
    • If you're feeling lonely or scared, there are also support lines, like The Trevor Project, that you can call. Sometimes a supportive listener might be just what you need.
  3. Seek out the LGBTQ+ community in your city. Look online for LGBTQ+ organizations near you. During the coming out process (and after) it can feel good to be around people who can understand what you're dealing with.[12]
    Come Out As Nonbinary Step 15.jpg
    • You can also look for online support groups and social groups.
    • Ask an LGBTQ+ friend how they got to know other members of the community.
    • If you're in school, you can check with the counselor to see if they have any suggestions.
  4. Practice self-care. Remember to be kind to yourself. This is a rewarding process, but not always an easy one. You might find that keeping a journal is helpful for you, or even meditating. The important thing is to take time for yourself and do things that make you feel good. This could be:[13]
    Come Out As Nonbinary Step 17.jpg
    • Watching a funny show.
    • Taking your dog for a walk.
    • Spending time with friends.
    • Reading a good book.
  5. Enjoy living openly. While it might take some time to become comfortable with this, there are lots of benefits to living openly. During and after the coming out process, you can look forward to:[14]
    Come Out As Nonbinary Step 16.jpg
    • Developing more genuine relationships.
    • Becoming a role-model.
    • Becoming part of a vibrant community.
    • Living with more self-confidence.


  • Before you come out to an older family member, try talking to a friend first. You might find that more comfortable.
  • Test the waters before you come out. You might say something like, "I say a non-binary character on TV last night. What do you think about that?"
  • Take your time. Coming out is a process that doesn't happen overnight.


How to Find the Equation of a Line

Posted: 17 Jan 2020 12:00 AM PST

Finding the equation for a line is a common problem in geometry and trigonometry. There are two common situations where you are asked to find the equation for a line: either you'll be provided with one point on the line and the slope of the line, or you'll be provided two points on the line. In either case, finding the equation for that line isn't difficult, provided you use the correct formula and work carefully.


[Edit]Calculating the Equation with One Point and the Slope

  1. Plug the slope in for m in the formula y-y1 = m(x-x1). This is known as the point-slope formula. The point-slope formula uses the slope and the coordinates of a point along the line to find the y-intercept. Use the slope in place of m in y-y1 = m(x-x1).[1]
    Find the Equation of a Line Step 6 Version 4.jpg
    • For example, if you know the slope of the line is 2, then your formula will look like this: y-y1 = 2(x-x1).
  2. Replace x1 and y1 with the coordinates of the point. Use the coordinates you're given as (x1, y1). Put the numbers in the corresponding spot on your formula before you start solving the equation.[2]
    Find the Equation of a Line Step 7 Version 5.jpg
  3. Solve the formula for y to get the final slope-intercept formula. Follow the mathematical order of operations and the distributive property to remove the x-term from parenthesis.
    Find the Equation of a Line Step 8 Version 5.jpg
    • In our example, first you'd use the distributive property to get y-3=2x-8.
    • Then, add 3 to each side so y is by itself.
    • The final equation for a line in slope-intercept form with a slope of 2 that contains the point (4, 3) is y = 2x-5.

[Edit]Finding the Equation Using Two Points

  1. Find the slope using m = (y2-y1)/(x2-x1). The ordered pairs of the coordinates you have are listed as (x, y). Use the first set of coordinates as (x1, y1) and the second set as (x2, y2). Plug the numbers into the formula m = (y2-y1)/(x2-x1) and solve for m.[3]
    Find the Equation of a Line Step 1 Version 3.jpg
  2. Replace the m in the slope-intercept formula with the slope you found. The slope-intercept formula of a line is written as y = mx+b, where m is the slope and b is the y-intercept (the point on the y-axis where the line crosses it). Plug the number you found for your slope in place of m.[4]
    Find the Equation of a Line Step 5 Version 6.jpg
    • In our example, the formula would read y = 1x+b or y = x+b when you replace the slope value.
  3. Substitute x and y for one of the points you know to solve for the y-intercept. Pick one of the ordered pairs to put into the slope-intercept formula. Put the x-value in place of x and the y-value in place of y.[5]
    Find the Equation of a Line Step 3 Version 3.jpg
    • In this example, if you chose (3, 8) as your coordinates, then the formula would read 8 = 1(3)+b.
  4. Solve the equation for b. Once you plug the x- and y-values as well as your slope into the formula, find the value of b in the equation. Follow the order of operations first before moving the rest of the numbers to the other side. Leave b on one side of the equation to solve it.[6]
    Find the Equation of a Line Step 4 Version 4.jpg
    • In our example, the formula currently reads 8 = 1(3)+b. Multiply 1 and 3 together to get 8 = 3+b. Since 3 is a positive number, subtract 3 from each side to isolate b. This leaves you with 5 = b, or b = 5.
  5. Plug in the slope and y-intercept into the slope-intercept formula to finish the equation. Once you're finished, plug in the slope for m and the y-intercept for b. After that, you've found the equation for the line.
    Find the Equation of a Line Step 5 Version 5.jpg
    • For example, the equation for the line with points on (3, 8) and (7, 12) is y = 1x+5 or simply y = x+5.

[Edit]Related wikiHows


[Edit]Quick Summary

How to Make Rose Petal Perfume

Posted: 16 Jan 2020 04:00 PM PST

Floral perfumes and fragrances are perfect for making yourself smell like a summer garden. However, you don't need to spend a lot of money to make that happen! With just a few ingredients, you can create your own perfume to use for yourself or give as a gift to someone else.


[Edit]Alcohol-Based Perfume

  • 3/4 cup (180 g) of fresh rose petals
  • of vodka (80-100 proof)
  • of distilled water

[Edit]Scented Rosewater

  • 1/2 cup (120 g) of fresh rose petals
  • of distilled water


[Edit]Creating an Alcohol-Based Perfume

  1. Rinse the roses gently in cold water. If the water is too warm, it may release some of the flower's aromatic oils before you collect them. Rinsing will remove fertilizer, dirt, insects, and any other contaminants you don't want inside your perfume. Don't worry about trying to rinse thoroughly between the petals.[1]

    Make Rose Petal Perfume Step 1 Version 3.jpg
    • Do not dry the petals after rinsing.
    • Depending on the type of rose and the size of the petals, you will probably need between 1 and 3 roses.
  2. Remove of petals from the roses. Note that the petals can come from any type or color of rose. To remove the petals, grasp the stem with one hand and tear the petals off with the other. Be careful not to skewer yourself on any thorns.[2]

    • Consider using a thorn stripper if you're very concerned with pricking yourself on the thorns.
  3. Place the petals in a large glass jar with a lid. You can also use a bowl if it comes with a lid too, but whatever option you choose must be able to hold at least of liquid and be sealable. A mason jar with a screw-top lid would work well.

    Make Rose Petal Perfume Step 3 Version 3.jpg
  4. Pour of vodka into the jar to soak for 24 hours. Vodka that is 40-50 percent alcohol (80-100 proof) works best. The jar should also be stored someplace that is cool and dark, like a cabinet or cupboard. Do not use a fridge, which is damp.[3]

  5. Pulverize the petals for 45 seconds with a spoon. A large wooden cooking spoon would work best for mashing the petals inside the jar. A mortar and pestle might cause you to lose some of the rose oils by removing the petals from the jar, and a metal spoon could add unwanted metallic elements to the perfume.

  6. Add of distilled water to the jar. Distilled water can be purchased at most grocery stores or drug stores. The more water you add, the more diluted the scent of the perfume will be.[4]

  7. Cover the jar and place it in a cool, dark location for 4-7 days. Once a day, stir the petals and mash them again with a cooking spoon. Do not add more distilled water. Replace the lid quickly after you stir.
    Make Rose Petal Perfume Step 7 Version 2.jpg
  8. Strain the mixture into clean glass perfume bottles. Use a fine mesh strainer to remove the spent petals from the liquid and transfer the liquid to a glass bottle with a tight lid. To best preserve the perfume, keep it in the fridge and shake it before each use. It will last up to a month. The scent will be strongest if you spray it on the warmer places of your body like your wrist and neck.[5]
    Make Rose Petal Perfume Step 8 Version 2.jpg
    • You could also use a sieve or a cheesecloth for straining.

[Edit]Making Scented Rosewater

  1. Collect of rose petals in a medium-sized bowl. Any variety of rose will do. If you'd like, rinse the petals in cold water beforehand to wash away any contaminants that might still be on the flower. Be careful not to prick yourself on any thorns.[6]

    Make Rose Petal Perfume Step 9 Version 2.jpg
  2. Stir in of warmed distilled water into the bowl of petals. The water's warmth will help increase the oil output from the rose. If you'd like, let the water soak in for about five minutes. The longer you let the petals soak, the stronger the fragrance will be.[7]

  3. Pour the mixture into a strainer placed over a second bowl. If you don't have a normal kitchen strainer, you can also use a cheesecloth. Do not throw the water that you separate away, as you will be reusing it in subsequent steps.[8]

    • The rose petals should remain behind in the strainer, and the water should be in the second bowl.
  4. Grind the petals with a mortar and pestle. To remove the petals from the strainer, scrape them off with a spoon or pick them off with your fingers. If you don't want to grind the petals, don't strain them to begin with. Instead, let them sit in the distilled water under the sun for 5-7 hours.[9]

    • Letting the petals soak in the sun does mean that the eventual fragrance will be much weaker.
  5. Add the water from the second bowl back to the petals. Let the water soak into the petals again for at least five minutes. By this point, the ground up petals with the added water should be in the first bowl.

    Make Rose Petal Perfume Step 13 Version 2.jpg
  6. Repeat the straining, grinding process until the water is brownish-orange. If you are using dark colored rose petals like deep red, the water will turn brownish-red instead. Try not to grind the petals too violently, as any water you splatter is water that won't end up as perfume.[10]

  7. Strain out the petals and squeeze out any remaining water from them. A spoon might be effective for this. Then, pour the water into an empty perfume bottle using a small funnel and enjoy! Refrigerate to make the perfume last longer.[11]


  • Keep away from sensitive skin and your eyes, nose, and mouth.

[Edit]Things You'll Need

[Edit]Alcohol-Based Perfume

  • Large glass jar or bowl with lid
  • Large wooden cooking spoon
  • 1-2 small empty glass perfume bottles
  • Kitchen strainer or cheesecloth

[Edit]Scented Rosewater

  • 2 medium-sized bowls
  • Mortar and pestle
  • Kitchen strainer or cheesecloth
  • 1-2 small empty glass perfume bottles
  • Small funnel with spout
  • Spoon (optional)

[Edit]Related wikiHows


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