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Saturday, March 23, 2019

How to of the Day

How to of the Day


How to Keep Bleached Hair Healthy

Posted: 23 Mar 2019 09:00 AM PDT

Bleaching your hair dries it out which can lead to dull, damaged locks. Fortunately, with the right products and techniques, you can easily keep your bleached hair healthy and beautiful.

EditSteps

EditPurchasing Bleach-Friendly Products

  1. Stick with sulfate-free products made for color-treated hair. Sulfates are full of salt, which can dry out and damage your hair. When picking up shampoo, conditioner, hairspray, or other products, read the labels carefully. Avoid anything containing sodium lauryl sulfate, ammonium laureth sulfate, or sodium laureth sulfate. You should also make sure that every product you use is formulated for use on color-treated hair to ensure your locks remain healthy.[1]
    Keep Bleached Hair Healthy Step 1 Version 3.jpg
  2. Invest in purple shampoo to keep your hair from looking yellow. A purple shampoo will gently tone your hair and keep it from looking too yellow or brassy. You can find purple shampoo formulated for bleached hair at your salon as well as beauty supply stores. Use it the same way you would a regular shampoo, and rinse it out with cool water to seal the hair cuticle.[2]
    Keep Bleached Hair Healthy Step 2 Version 3.jpg
    • You can use the purple shampoo each time you wash your hair. If you find that it tones your hair too much, simply use a clarifying shampoo the next time you wash your hair to strip out the toner.
  3. Do an oil treatment once a week to add moisture and shine. You can use coconut or argan oil to rehydrate your tresses. Put a small amount of oil in your hands and coat your hair from the mid-lengths to the ends. Cover your hair with a shower cap and let it soak in for a few hours, or even overnight. Simply rinse it out with cool water in the morning and you're good to go![3]
    Keep Bleached Hair Healthy Step 3 Version 3.jpg
  4. Protect your hair from the sun with a UV-protectant product. The UV rays in sunlight can damage your hair and even cause it to turn a brassy color. If you plan to be outside, you can apply a UV-protectant product to your tresses to limit the damage from the sun's rays. Just spray it on your hair as per the package instructions before going outside.[4]
    Keep Bleached Hair Healthy Step 4 Version 3.jpg
    • Alternatively, wear a hat or scarf to keep your hair out of the sun.

EditWashing Your Hair

  1. Shampoo your hair every 3 days to keep it from drying out. Washing your hair strips it of its natural oils, which can lead to dull, lifeless hair. If you prefer to shower more often than every 3 days, you can wear a shower cap to keep your hair dry.[5]
    Keep Bleached Hair Healthy Step 5 Version 3.jpg
  2. Condition your hair each time you wet it to smooth it out. If you skip the shampoo in the shower but still wet your hair, be sure to apply conditioner. Bleaching your hair can dry it out, and conditioner helps to strengthen and smooth the hair. Apply it from the mid-lengths of your hair to the ends and rinse it out with cool, not warm, water to close the cuticle and lock in the moisture.[6]
    Keep Bleached Hair Healthy Step 6 Version 3.jpg
  3. Use dry shampoo in between washes if your hair looks greasy. Dry shampoo is available in either a powder or aerosol variety. This product absorbs oil and adds texture and shine. If your hair is looking greasy or limp, you can easily refresh it with dry shampoo. Sprinkle a small amount of powder on the roots, or spray the dry shampoo from your roots. Massage the powder into your scalp then thoroughly brush your hair to distribute the product.[7]
    Keep Bleached Hair Healthy Step 7 Version 3.jpg
  4. Use leave-in conditioner to replenish your hair's moisture. A leave-in conditioner can provide your hair with much-needed moisture and prevent it from drying out during the day. Choose a leave-in conditioner formulated for your specific hair type. Work it into your hair from the mid-lengths to the end while your hair is damp, and don't rinse it out.[8]
    Keep Bleached Hair Healthy Step 8 Version 3.jpg
    • You can use a leave-in conditioner every day if you want, or only once or twice per week.
  5. Pat your hair dry instead of rubbing it with a towel to prevent breakage. The fibers of a regular towel can pull your hair and cause it to break. Instead of vigorously scrubbing your hair to get it dry, gently pat out the excess moisture. Use a microfiber towel or old T-shirt in place of a regular towel to prevent your hair from catching in the fibers.[9]
    Keep Bleached Hair Healthy Step 9 Version 3.jpg

EditStyling Bleached Hair

  1. Limit your use of heat-styling tools to keep your hair healthy. Heat-styling tools, like blow dryers, flat irons, and curling irons, dry out your hair and can cause damage. If you want to keep your bleached locks looking healthy, let your hair air dry and try no-heat styles like braids, buns, or beachy waves.[10]
    Keep Bleached Hair Healthy Step 10 Version 3.jpg
    • You could also use Velcro or foam rollers to create cute no-heat styles.
  2. Use a heat-protectant spray if you do use heat-styling tools. If you just can't go without your blow dryer or flat iron, be sure to invest in a heat-protectant product. These products contain silicone which evaporates quickly, leaving your hair smoother and less porous. Heat-protectants also prevent moisture loss. Simply spray the product onto damp tresses, then comb it through to distribute it evenly. Style your hair as usual.[11]
    Keep Bleached Hair Healthy Step 11 Version 3.jpg
  3. Touch up the roots only to prevent further damage. When your hair grows out and the roots start to show, you may be tempted to bleach all your hair again. However, repeated bleaching treatments can severely damage your hair. Bleach only the roots, rather than all of your hair. It's best to have this done by a stylist to ensure the color remains even.[12]
    Keep Bleached Hair Healthy Step 12 Version 3.jpg
  4. Get a trim every 6 weeks. Bleaching your hair makes it more susceptible to split ends, so you'll want to have your hair cut regularly. Most stylists suggest you come in for a trim every 6 weeks to keep your hair as healthy as possible.[13]
    Keep Bleached Hair Healthy Step 13 Version 3.jpg

EditPracticing Everyday Care

  1. Comb your hair with a wide-tooth comb to reduce breakage. Bleached hair is fragile, especially when it's wet! Instead of ripping through snarls with a regular hairbrush, use a wide-tooth comb. Begin at the ends of your hair and work your way carefully to the roots.[14]
    Keep Bleached Hair Healthy Step 14 Version 3.jpg
  2. Sleep on a silk or satin pillowcase. Cotton pillowcases actually draw moisture out of your hair. Smooth fabrics, like silk or satin, do not. These pillowcases also reduce tangles and frizz, leading to smoother hair and less styling time in the morning.[15]
    Keep Bleached Hair Healthy Step 15 Version 3.jpg
  3. Wet your hair with fresh water before swimming. If you have plans to spend a day at the beach or pool, you should rinse your hair before getting in the water. Salt water can dry out hair, while chlorine can turn it green. Wetting it with fresh water first keeps your hair from soaking up the salt water or pool water and will keep it healthier.[16]
    Keep Bleached Hair Healthy Step 16 Version 3.jpg

EditVideo

EditSources and Citations

EditQuick Summary


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How to Use a Manual Typewriter

Posted: 23 Mar 2019 01:00 AM PDT

Manual typewriters have plenty of vintage charm, but there are practical reasons for using them, too. Typewriters can create neat type on oddly-shaped envelopes or papers, and they can be fun to tinker with. If you've never used a manual typewriter before, there are a few things you need to know before you can begin.

EditSteps

EditSetting the Margins

  1. Slide the margin set on the right-hand side of the typewriter. Before you start typing, you'll want to make sure that your margins are set correctly. The right-hand margin set is usually located next to the larger carriage release lever at the top right of the typewriter. The margin sets usually look like metal brackets at the very top of the typewriter. They may have a button you have to press before you can move them.[1]
    Use a Manual Typewriter Step 1 Version 4.jpg
  2. Move the margin set on the carriage until it is located at your desired right margin. Some typewriters have a ruler built in for measuring an exact margin. If yours doesn't, you may want to use a tape measure or a ruler to get accurate margins. Standard margins for a typewriter are all the way around the paper, although some people prefer on the sides.[2]
    Use a Manual Typewriter Step 2 Version 4.jpg
  3. Repeat the process for the left-hand side. Once you get your right margin, set the left-hand margins to match by sliding the left margin set along the carriage. The margins should remain set until the next time you press the margin-set levers.[3]
    Use a Manual Typewriter Step 3 Version 4.jpg

EditTyping on the Typewriter

  1. Flip up the paper guide and place a piece of paper behind the cylinder. When you're ready to type, you'll need to put paper in your typewriter. You can use regular copy paper in your typewriter, although some writers prefer a heavier stock. Look for the paper lock (or paper guide), a bar located above the keyboard. Flip it up and slide your paper behind the roller, or cylinder.[4]
    Use a Manual Typewriter Step 4 Version 4.jpg
  2. Turn either cylinder knob until the paper comes up under the guide, then secure it. Once the paper appears, keep rolling until the carriage is located where you want to start typing. Remember that for most papers, your top margin should be . When the paper is where you want it to be, push the paper lock back into place.[5]
    Use a Manual Typewriter Step 5 Version 4.jpg
  3. Adjust the paper if necessary by pressing the paper release lever. If you need to make a small adjustment to the alignment of your paper, pull the paper lock forward again and press the paper release lever. Fix the paper, then push back the paper lock and the paper release lever.[6]
    Use a Manual Typewriter Step 6 Version 4.jpg
  4. Push the carriage to the right as far as it will go to begin typing. To start typing, use the carriage-return lever to push the carriage all the way to the right. When you have finished typing your first line, you should hear a bell.
    Use a Manual Typewriter Step 7 Version 4.jpg
  5. Return the carriage to its original position with the carriage-return lever. This will automatically drop you down to a new line. The line space lever is generally on the left side of the carriage.[7]
    Use a Manual Typewriter Step 8 Version 4.jpg

EditChanging the Ribbon

  1. Change the ribbon when the type begins to fade. The ribbon is what transfers the ink to the paper when you strike a key. If you notice that your typing is starting to fade, it's probably time to change the ribbon.
    Use a Manual Typewriter Step 9 Version 3.jpg
  2. Press the shift-lock key and move the color control lever to the red dot. For most typewriters, engaging the shift-lock key, shifting the color control lever, then depressing 2 central keys at the same time will release the type bars and raise the ribbon carrier. If this doesn't work for yours, you may need to consult your user manual.[8]
    Use a Manual Typewriter Step 10 Version 3.jpg
    • If your typewriter didn't come with a user manual, look online to see if you can find a copy. There are websites designed by typewriter enthusiasts containing manuals for almost every typewriter model that has been produced.
  3. Pay careful attention to how the ribbon is threaded through the carrier. Once your ribbon carrier is raised, look carefully to see how the ribbon is threaded so you'll be able to put it back in the same way. If you need to, draw a diagram to help you remember.[9]
    Use a Manual Typewriter Step 11 Version 3.jpg
  4. Lift the spools straight up or press the release lever for a cartridge. Most vintage typewriters use ribbon spools. If this is the case, you will lift the spools straight up to remove the old ribbon. Some later models, however, used cartridges. If this is the case, you should see a cartridge release lever. Press this, then remove the old cartridge and discard it.[10]
    Use a Manual Typewriter Step 12 Version 3.jpg
  5. Slide the new ribbon spools into place or snap in the new cartridge. Once you've discarded the old ribbon, carefully place the new ribbon in the ribbon carrier exactly how the old one sat. If you're using spools, the ribbon should wind from the back of the spools. A cartridge should easily snap into place.[11]
    Use a Manual Typewriter Step 13 Version 3.jpg
  6. Remove slack from the ribbon. Once your ribbon is correctly installed, you'll re-engage the type bars to hold it in place. Release the shift-lock key, then carefully turn either spool to take up any slack in the ribbon.[12]
    Use a Manual Typewriter Step 14 Version 3.jpg

EditMaintaining Your Typewriter

  1. Clean the machine each time you use it. Use a small brush or a can of air duster to remove any dust and other debris that might build up on your typewriter. Dirt can get down into the type mechanisms, clogging them up and causing your keys to stick.[13]
    Use a Manual Typewriter Step 15 Version 3.jpg
  2. Cover your typewriter when it's not in use. Covering your typewriter will extend its life by protecting it from dust that's in the air. If you don't have a cover, try laying a pillowcase or a small blanket across your typewriter when you're not using it.[14]
    Use a Manual Typewriter Step 16 Version 3.jpg
  3. Oil your typewriter occasionally. You don't need to use much oil on your typewriter, but a little oil can help keep the parts functioning. How often you oil your typewriter depends on how often you use it — if you use it every day, oil it about once a week. Use the end of a pin or paper clip to apply a lightweight oil (such as gun oil) to the carriage rails.[15]
    Use a Manual Typewriter Step 17 Version 3.jpg

EditSources and Citations

EditQuick Summary


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How to Help Someone with Anger Issues

Posted: 22 Mar 2019 05:00 PM PDT

Anger is a common emotion and can easily spiral into rage, so there's a chance you will someday encounter a friend, family member, or partner who has trouble controlling their anger. You can help them, first and foremost, by reeling in your own emotions, as becoming upset yourself will likely worsen the problem. After responding appropriately and de-escalating their anger, try motivating them to get help for their anger. Having a loved one with a fiery temper can be stressful, so be sure to look after yourself too.

EditSteps

EditDefusing Tension in the Moment

  1. Stay calm during tense situations. If your loved one gets angry, the only way you can effectively defuse the situation is by getting a hold on your own anger. Losing your own temper will only make matters worse. Breathe in and out deeply. Count silently to 100 or go splash water on your face to clear your head.[1]
    Help Someone with Anger Issues Step 1.jpg
  2. Speak in an even, moderate tone of voice. Lower your voice, so that it's just above a whisper. Doing this helps you maintain calm without shouting, but it also reinforces appropriate communication. Your loved one will likely follow suit and lower their voice, too.[2]
    Help Someone with Anger Issues Step 2.jpg
  3. Give your full attention when listening. Many angry people get that way because they feel no one is listening to them. Turn off your loved one's angry switch by giving them 100% of your attention. Turn to face them and hear them out without interrupting.[3]
    Help Someone with Anger Issues Step 3.jpg
    • Being a good listener could help defuse the situation completely. Be sure to pay attention to the underlying issue.
  4. Show compassion towards the other person. Your loved one may act angry because they don't believe they are being heard or understood. Be sure to validate their experience and let them know that you are taking them seriously and respect their opinions.[4]
    Help Someone with Anger Issues Step 4.jpg
    • Demonstrate your understanding by using reflection techniques. This might sound like, "I can see why you feel angry about the teller being rude to you," or "I think I understand the problem. You feel overlooked."
  5. Assert your boundaries. Insist that your angry loved one treat you with respect. In a calm and cool manner, say something like, "I will leave if you don't stop shouting," or "I won't continue this conversation if you engage in name-calling."[5]
    Help Someone with Anger Issues Step 5.jpg
    • Once a boundary has been communicated, be firm and follow through if the person crosses the line.
  6. Use "I" statements to discuss the problem. You want to steer clear of criticism or blame, so interact using "I" statements that convey your needs without placing blame. These statements don't attack the other person, but they do let you communicate how you feel about the issue.[6]
    Help Someone with Anger Issues Step 6.jpg
    • For example, instead of saying "You are always shouting at me!" say "I feel anxious when you shout. Can we try to use indoor voices?"
  7. Resist the urge to give advice. Angry people often view advice as criticism, so avoid trying to fix their problem. Just actively listen. If you want to try to work out whether your loved one merely wants to vent or needs a solution, ask them— after they've finished talking.[7]
    Help Someone with Anger Issues Step 7.jpg
    • You might ask, "Do you want help with the problem or did you just want to get everything off your chest?" before you try to offer advice. Or, you could say, "I understand your anger. How can I help?"
    • If your loved one tends to view you as critical, save your solutions for another time when they've cooled off.
  8. Take a break if you need one. If you feel under attack or overwhelmed during communication with an angry person, ask for a timeout. You might say, "I don't think we're going to reach an agreement if we're shouting at each other. Let's take 10, okay?" Go someplace where you feel safe and get your own emotions under control.[8]
    Help Someone with Anger Issues Step 8.jpg
    • Listen to soft music, watch a silly YouTube video, or call someone who tends to calm you down.

EditInspiring Change

  1. Focus on the issue, not the person. Have a talk letting your loved one know how their angry behavior affects you without making it seem like they're the problem. This increases the odds of them cooperating with you and shows that you are concerned.[9]
    Help Someone with Anger Issues Step 9.jpg
    • Say, "I've noticed you're angry a lot lately. It prevents us from connecting like we used to. It'd make me feel better if you talked to someone about it."
    • Take note of patterns regarding what angers the person to determine underlying issues. For instance, if they often get upset when people gossip about them, the underlying issue may be that they value privacy.
    • Once you've determined the underlying issue, you can help the person develop strategies or create boundaries to deal with it. For example, if the person values privacy, you could caution them not to share personal information with their co-workers if it leads to office gossip.
  2. Become aware of the anger scale. Anger doesn't usually start out as anger. It may begin as annoyance, which increases to frustration, irritation, anger, and rage. Learn to identify signs of annoyance in your loved one so you can help de-escalate the situation before they become explosively angry.
    Help Someone with Anger Issues Step 10.jpg
    • If your loved one seems to jump straight to anger or rage, skipping the earlier stages, it would be beneficial for them to receive professional help to identify their triggers and learn intervention strategies to diffuse their anger.
  3. Offer to accompany them when seeing a professional. Don't just tell your loved one they should get help without offering your support. Tell them that you are willing to help them find a therapist or an anger management class. Offer to drive them to sessions and sit in the waiting room if they'd like.[10]
    Help Someone with Anger Issues Step 11.jpg
  4. Pick your battles. You won't make any headway if you have a tendency to nag your loved one about their anger problem. Plus, not every single issue requires a disagreement. Try to be selective when addressing issues. Pick your battles based on whether you feel like your boundaries have been violated.[11]
    Help Someone with Anger Issues Step 12.jpg
    • Also, choose your battles based on timing. Aim to talk through difficult issues when your loved one is calm, sober, and in a relatively positive mood.
  5. Encourage your loved one to decrease their stress levels. People who are stressed are more likely to get angry more quickly, as stress feeds anger. If your loved one has a lower stress baseline, it will take more time for them to reach the anger stage. This gives you more time to recognize the early signs of anger and take steps to calm them down.
    Help Someone with Anger Issues Step 13.jpg
    • Your loved one could try meditation, yoga, exercising, breathing exercises, or other strategies to control their stress.
  6. Be patient. Working with a loved one who has anger issues is like the waltz: you will take nearly as many steps backward as you do forward. Strive for patience with the person as they come to acknowledge they have a problem with anger.
    Help Someone with Anger Issues Step 14.jpg

EditCaring for Yourself

  1. Confide in a trusted friend. Offering your support to someone with anger issues can feel draining. Be sure to get support of your own by reaching out to close friends and family. Ask them to hear you out as you talk through problems or simply distract you when you don't want to discuss the issue.[12]
    Help Someone with Anger Issues Step 15.jpg
    • Avoid gossiping about the angry person or rehashing their issues. Instead, focus on what you need to do to de-stress.
  2. Spend time with happy people. If everyone in your social circle is angry, you may become angry too. This is because people have a tendency to mimic the behavior of those around them. Make sure you have a well-rounded social circle that includes generally happy or optimistic people as well.
    Help Someone with Anger Issues Step 16.jpg
  3. Practice self-care. An angry environment can make you feel stressed out or anxious. Combat stress with regular self-care activities, like getting a massage, listening to soothing music, soaking in a warm bath, or doing relaxing yoga sequences.[13]
    Help Someone with Anger Issues Step 17.jpg
    • It's fine to want to support your loved one, but try to carve out some "me time" a few days each week to do nourishing activities to fill yourself back up.
  4. Attend an anger management support group. Another way to get support is by seeking out others who understand what you are going through. Locate anger management support groups in your local area and consider attending a few meetings.[14]
    Help Someone with Anger Issues Step 18.jpg
    • You might feel relieved to hear that others are having similar experiences. Plus, they may have useful advice to help you cope.
  5. Get help if anger turns violent. If your loved one becomes abusive, all bets are off. It is never okay to hurt someone else out of anger. At that point, you must direct your energy towards keeping yourself safe. Leave the environment if possible. Call a friend, family member, or speak to someone anonymously on a helpline.[15]
    Help Someone with Anger Issues Step 19.jpg
    • If your spouse becomes violent, contact the National Domestic Violence Hotline at 1-800-799-7233.
    • If you are a child and afraid of an adult with violent tendencies, contact the Childhelp National Child Abuse Hotline at 1-800-4-A-Child.

EditConversations to Connect with Someone with Anger Issues

EditSources and Citations


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